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RECOVER TABLE

RECOVER TABLE is used to recover a deleted table and the data on it within the GC (Garbage Collection) life time after the DROP TABLE statement is executed.

Syntax

RECOVER TABLE table_name
RECOVER TABLE BY JOB ddl_job_id

Synopsis

RecoverTableStmt:

RecoverTableStmt

TableName:

TableName

Int64Num:

Int64Num

NUM:

NUM

Note:

  • If a table is deleted and the GC lifetime is out, the table cannot be recovered with RECOVER TABLE. Execution of RECOVER TABLE in this scenario returns an error like: snapshot is older than GC safe point 2019-07-10 13:45:57 +0800 CST.

  • If the TiDB version is 3.0.0 or later, it is not recommended for you to use RECOVER TABLE when TiDB Binlog is used.

  • RECOVER TABLE is supported in the Binlog version 3.0.1, so you can use RECOVER TABLE in the following three situations:

    • Binglog version is 3.0.1 or later.
    • TiDB 3.0 is used both in the upstream cluster and the downstream cluster.
    • The GC life time of the secondary cluster must be longer than that of the primary cluster. However, as latency occurs during data replication between upstream and downstream databases, data recovery might fail in the downstream.

Troubleshoot errors during TiDB Binlog replication

When you use RECOVER TABLE in the upstream TiDB during TiDB Binlog replication, TiDB Binlog might be interrupted in the following three situations:

  • The downstream database does not support the RECOVER TABLE statement. An error instance: check the manual that corresponds to your MySQL server version for the right syntax to use near 'RECOVER TABLE table_name'.

  • The GC life time is not consistent between the upstream database and the downstream database. An error instance: snapshot is older than GC safe point 2019-07-10 13:45:57 +0800 CST.

  • Latency occurs during replication between upstream and downstream databases. An error instance: snapshot is older than GC safe point 2019-07-10 13:45:57 +0800 CST.

For the above three situations, you can resume data replication from TiDB Binlog with a full import of the deleted table.

Examples

  • Recover the deleted table according to the table name.

    DROP TABLE t;
    RECOVER TABLE t;

    This method searches the recent DDL job history and locates the first DDL operation of the DROP TABLE type, and then recovers the deleted table with the name identical to the one table name specified in the RECOVER TABLE statement.

  • Recover the deleted table according to the table's DDL JOB ID used.

    Suppose that you had deleted the table t and created another t, and again you deleted the newly created t. Then, if you want to recover the t deleted in the first place, you must use the method that specifies the DDL JOB ID.

    DROP TABLE t;
    ADMIN SHOW DDL JOBS 1;

    The second statement above is used to search for the table's DDL JOB ID to delete t. In the following example, the ID is 53.

    +--------+---------+------------+------------+--------------+-----------+----------+-----------+-----------------------------------+--------+
    | JOB_ID | DB_NAME | TABLE_NAME | JOB_TYPE   | SCHEMA_STATE | SCHEMA_ID | TABLE_ID | ROW_COUNT | START_TIME                        | STATE  |
    +--------+---------+------------+------------+--------------+-----------+----------+-----------+-----------------------------------+--------+
    | 53     | test    |            | drop table | none         | 1         | 41       | 0         | 2019-07-10 13:23:18.277 +0800 CST | synced |
    +--------+---------+------------+------------+--------------+-----------+----------+-----------+-----------------------------------+--------+
    RECOVER TABLE BY JOB 53;

    This method recovers the deleted table via the DDL JOB ID. If the corresponding DDL job is not of the DROP TABLE type, an error occurs.

Implementation principle

When deleting a table, TiDB only deletes the table metadata, and writes the table data (row data and index data) to be deleted to the mysql.gc_delete_range table. The GC Worker in the TiDB background periodically removes from the mysql.gc_delete_range table the keys that exceed the GC life time.

Therefore, to recover a table, you only need to recover the table metadata and delete the corresponding row record in the mysql.gc_delete_range table before the GC Worker deletes the table data. You can use a snapshot read of TiDB to recover the table metadata. Refer to Read Historical Data for details.

Table recovery is done by TiDB obtaining the table metadata through snapshot read, and then going through the process of table creation similar to CREATE TABLE. Therefore, RECOVER TABLE itself is, in essence, a kind of DDL operation.

MySQL compatibility

This statement is a TiDB extension to MySQL syntax.