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ALTER USER

This statement changes an existing user inside the TiDB privilege system. In the MySQL privilege system, a user is the combination of a username and the host from which they are connecting from. Thus, it is possible to create a user 'newuser2'@'192.168.1.1' who is only able to connect from the IP address 192.168.1.1. It is also possible to have two users have the same user-portion, and different permissions as they login from different hosts.

Synopsis

AlterUserStmt
ALTERUSERIfExistsUserSpecListRequireClauseOptConnectionOptionsLockOptionAttributeOptionUSER()IDENTIFIEDBYAuthString
UserSpecList
UserSpec,
UserSpec
UsernameAuthOption
Username
StringName@StringNamesingleAtIdentifierCURRENT_USEROptionalBraces
AuthOption
IDENTIFIEDBYAuthStringPASSWORDHashStringWITHStringNameBYAuthStringASHashString
LockOption
ACCOUNTLOCKACCOUNTUNLOCK
AttributeOption
COMMENTCommentStringATTRIBUTEAttributeString

Examples

mysql> CREATE USER 'newuser' IDENTIFIED BY 'newuserpassword';
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.01 sec)

mysql> SHOW CREATE USER 'newuser';
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| CREATE USER for newuser@%                                                                                                                                            |
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| CREATE USER 'newuser'@'%' IDENTIFIED WITH 'mysql_native_password' AS '*5806E04BBEE79E1899964C6A04D68BCA69B1A879' REQUIRE NONE PASSWORD EXPIRE DEFAULT ACCOUNT UNLOCK |
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> ALTER USER 'newuser' IDENTIFIED BY 'newnewpassword';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.02 sec)

mysql> SHOW CREATE USER 'newuser';
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| CREATE USER for newuser@%                                                                                                                                            |
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| CREATE USER 'newuser'@'%' IDENTIFIED WITH 'mysql_native_password' AS '*FB8A1EA1353E8775CA836233E367FBDFCB37BE73' REQUIRE NONE PASSWORD EXPIRE DEFAULT ACCOUNT UNLOCK |
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)
ALTER USER 'newuser' ACCOUNT LOCK;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.02 sec)

Modify the attributes of newuser:

ALTER USER 'newuser' ATTRIBUTE '{"newAttr": "value", "deprecatedAttr": null}';
SELECT * FROM information_schema.user_attributes;
+-----------+------+--------------------------+
| USER      | HOST | ATTRIBUTE                |
+-----------+------+--------------------------+
| newuser   | %    | {"newAttr": "value"}     |
+-----------+------+--------------------------+
1 rows in set (0.00 sec)

Modify the comment of newuser using ALTER USER ... COMMENT:

ALTER USER 'newuser' COMMENT 'Here is the comment';
SELECT * FROM information_schema.user_attributes;
+-----------+------+--------------------------------------------------------+
| USER      | HOST | ATTRIBUTE                                              |
+-----------+------+--------------------------------------------------------+
| newuser   | %    | {"comment": "Here is the comment", "newAttr": "value"} |
+-----------+------+--------------------------------------------------------+
1 rows in set (0.00 sec)

Remove the comment of newuser using ALTER USER ... ATTRIBUTE:

ALTER USER 'newuser' ATTRIBUTE '{"comment": null}';
SELECT * FROM information_schema.user_attributes;
+-----------+------+---------------------------+
| USER      | HOST | ATTRIBUTE                 |
+-----------+------+---------------------------+
| newuser   | %    | {"newAttr": "value"}      |
+-----------+------+---------------------------+
1 rows in set (0.00 sec)

See also

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