文档目录

INSERT

使用 INSERT 语句在表中插入新行。

语法图

InsertIntoStmt
INSERTTableOptimizerHintsPriorityOptIgnoreOptionalIntoOptTableNamePartitionNameListOptInsertValuesOnDuplicateKeyUpdate
TableOptimizerHints
hintComment
PriorityOpt
LOW_PRIORITYHIGH_PRIORITYDELAYED
IgnoreOptional
IGNORE
IntoOpt
INTO
TableName
Identifier.Identifier
PartitionNameListOpt
PARTITION(Identifier,)
InsertValues
(ColumnNameListOpt)ValueSymValuesListSelectStmt(SelectStmt)UnionStmtSelectStmt)ValueSymValuesListSelectStmtUnionStmtSETColumnSetValue,ColumnSetValue
OnDuplicateKeyUpdate
ONDUPLICATEKEYUPDATEAssignmentList

示例

CREATE TABLE t1 (a INT);
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.11 sec)
CREATE TABLE t2 LIKE t1;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.11 sec)
INSERT INTO t1 VALUES (1);
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.02 sec)
INSERT INTO t1 (a) VALUES (1);
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.01 sec)
INSERT INTO t2 SELECT * FROM t1;
Query OK, 2 rows affected (0.01 sec)
Records: 2  Duplicates: 0  Warnings: 0
SELECT * FROM t1;
+------+
| a    |
+------+
|    1 |
|    1 |
+------+
2 rows in set (0.00 sec)
SELECT * FROM t2;
+------+
| a    |
+------+
|    1 |
|    1 |
+------+
2 rows in set (0.00 sec)
INSERT INTO t2 VALUES (2),(3),(4);
Query OK, 3 rows affected (0.02 sec)
Records: 3  Duplicates: 0  Warnings: 0
SELECT * FROM t2;
+------+
| a    |
+------+
|    1 |
|    1 |
|    2 |
|    3 |
|    4 |
+------+
5 rows in set (0.00 sec)

MySQL 兼容性

INSERT 语句与 MySQL 完全兼容。如发现任何兼容性差异,请在 GitHub 上提交 issue

另请参阅