[名前|キャラクターセット]を設定

ステートメントSET NAMESSET CHARACTER SET 、およびSET CHARSETは、現在の接続の変数character_set_clientcharacter_set_results 、およびcharacter_set_connectionを変更します。

あらすじ

SetNamesStmt:

SetNamesStmt

変数割り当てリスト:

VariableAssignmentList

変数割り当て:

VariableAssignment

文字セット名:

CharsetName

文字列名:

StringName

文字セットKw:

CharsetKw

文字セット名またはデフォルト:

CharsetNameOrDefault

mysql> SHOW VARIABLES LIKE 'character_set%';
+--------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------+
| Variable_name            | Value                                                  |
+--------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------+
| character_sets_dir       | /usr/local/mysql-5.6.25-osx10.8-x86_64/share/charsets/ |
| character_set_connection | utf8mb4                                                |
| character_set_system     | utf8                                                   |
| character_set_results    | utf8mb4                                                |
| character_set_client     | utf8mb4                                                |
| character_set_database   | utf8mb4                                                |
| character_set_filesystem | binary                                                 |
| character_set_server     | utf8mb4                                                |
+--------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------+
8 rows in set (0.01 sec)

mysql> SET NAMES utf8;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> SHOW VARIABLES LIKE 'character_set%';
+--------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------+
| Variable_name            | Value                                                  |
+--------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------+
| character_sets_dir       | /usr/local/mysql-5.6.25-osx10.8-x86_64/share/charsets/ |
| character_set_connection | utf8                                                   |
| character_set_system     | utf8                                                   |
| character_set_results    | utf8                                                   |
| character_set_client     | utf8                                                   |
| character_set_server     | utf8mb4                                                |
| character_set_database   | utf8mb4                                                |
| character_set_filesystem | binary                                                 |
+--------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------+
8 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> SET CHARACTER SET utf8mb4;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> SHOW VARIABLES LIKE 'character_set%';
+--------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------+
| Variable_name            | Value                                                  |
+--------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------+
| character_set_connection | utf8mb4                                                |
| character_set_system     | utf8                                                   |
| character_set_results    | utf8mb4                                                |
| character_set_client     | utf8mb4                                                |
| character_sets_dir       | /usr/local/mysql-5.6.25-osx10.8-x86_64/share/charsets/ |
| character_set_database   | utf8mb4                                                |
| character_set_filesystem | binary                                                 |
| character_set_server     | utf8mb4                                                |
+--------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------+
8 rows in set (0.00 sec)

MySQL の互換性

このステートメントは、MySQL と完全に互換性があると理解されています。互換性の違いは、GitHub で問題を介して報告されたにする必要があります。

こちらもご覧ください

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