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USER_PRIVILEGES

USER_PRIVILEGES 表提供了关于全局权限的信息。该表的数据根据 mysql.user 系统表生成。

USE information_schema;
DESC user_privileges;
+----------------+--------------+------+------+---------+-------+
| Field          | Type         | Null | Key  | Default | Extra |
+----------------+--------------+------+------+---------+-------+
| GRANTEE        | varchar(81)  | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| TABLE_CATALOG  | varchar(512) | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| PRIVILEGE_TYPE | varchar(64)  | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| IS_GRANTABLE   | varchar(3)   | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
+----------------+--------------+------+------+---------+-------+
4 rows in set (0.00 sec)
SELECT * FROM user_privileges;
+------------+---------------+-------------------------+--------------+
| GRANTEE    | TABLE_CATALOG | PRIVILEGE_TYPE          | IS_GRANTABLE |
+------------+---------------+-------------------------+--------------+
| 'root'@'%' | def           | Select                  | YES          |
| 'root'@'%' | def           | Insert                  | YES          |
| 'root'@'%' | def           | Update                  | YES          |
| 'root'@'%' | def           | Delete                  | YES          |
| 'root'@'%' | def           | Create                  | YES          |
| 'root'@'%' | def           | Drop                    | YES          |
| 'root'@'%' | def           | Process                 | YES          |
| 'root'@'%' | def           | References              | YES          |
| 'root'@'%' | def           | Alter                   | YES          |
| 'root'@'%' | def           | Show Databases          | YES          |
| 'root'@'%' | def           | Super                   | YES          |
| 'root'@'%' | def           | Execute                 | YES          |
| 'root'@'%' | def           | Index                   | YES          |
| 'root'@'%' | def           | Create User             | YES          |
| 'root'@'%' | def           | Trigger                 | YES          |
| 'root'@'%' | def           | Create View             | YES          |
| 'root'@'%' | def           | Show View               | YES          |
| 'root'@'%' | def           | Create Role             | YES          |
| 'root'@'%' | def           | Drop Role               | YES          |
| 'root'@'%' | def           | CREATE TEMPORARY TABLES | YES          |
| 'root'@'%' | def           | LOCK TABLES             | YES          |
| 'root'@'%' | def           | CREATE ROUTINE          | YES          |
| 'root'@'%' | def           | ALTER ROUTINE           | YES          |
| 'root'@'%' | def           | EVENT                   | YES          |
| 'root'@'%' | def           | SHUTDOWN                | YES          |
| 'root'@'%' | def           | RELOAD                  | YES          |
| 'root'@'%' | def           | FILE                    | YES          |
| 'root'@'%' | def           | CONFIG                  | YES          |
+------------+---------------+-------------------------+--------------+
28 rows in set (0.00 sec)

USER_PRIVILEGES 表中列的含义如下:

  • GRANTEE:被授权的用户名称,格式为 'user_name'@'host_name'
  • TABLE_CATALOG:表所属的目录的名称。该值始终为 def
  • PRIVILEGE_TYPE:被授权的权限类型,每行只列一个权限。
  • IS_GRANTABLE:如果用户有 GRANT OPTION 的权限,则为 YES,否则为 NO