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CLIENT_ERRORS_SUMMARY_BY_USER

The table CLIENT_ERRORS_SUMMARY_BY_USER provides a summary of SQL errors and warnings that have been returned to clients that connect to a TiDB server. These include:

  • Malformed SQL statements.
  • Division by zero errors.
  • The attempt to insert out-of-range or duplicate key values.
  • Permission errors.
  • A table that does not exist.

Client errors are returned to the client via the MySQL server protocol, where applications are expected to take appropriate action. The information_schema.CLIENT_ERRORS_SUMMARY_BY_USER table provides an useful method to inspect errors in the scenario where applications are not correctly handling (or logging) errors returned by the TiDB server.

Because CLIENT_ERRORS_SUMMARY_BY_USER summarizes the errors on a per-user basis, it can be useful to diagnose scenarios where one user server is generating more errors than other servers. Possible scenarios include:

  • Permission errors.
  • Missing tables, or relational objects.
  • Incorrect SQL syntax, or incompatibilities between the application and the version of TiDB.

The summarized counts can be reset with the statement FLUSH CLIENT_ERRORS_SUMMARY. The summary is local to each TiDB server and is only retained in memory. Summaries will be lost if the TiDB server restarts.

USE information_schema;
DESC CLIENT_ERRORS_SUMMARY_BY_USER;
+---------------+---------------+------+------+---------+-------+
| Field         | Type          | Null | Key  | Default | Extra |
+---------------+---------------+------+------+---------+-------+
| USER          | varchar(64)   | NO   |      | NULL    |       |
| ERROR_NUMBER  | bigint(64)    | NO   |      | NULL    |       |
| ERROR_MESSAGE | varchar(1024) | NO   |      | NULL    |       |
| ERROR_COUNT   | bigint(64)    | NO   |      | NULL    |       |
| WARNING_COUNT | bigint(64)    | NO   |      | NULL    |       |
| FIRST_SEEN    | timestamp     | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| LAST_SEEN     | timestamp     | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
+---------------+---------------+------+------+---------+-------+
7 rows in set (0.00 sec)

Field description:

  • USER: The authenticated user.
  • ERROR_NUMBER: The MySQL-compatible error number that was returned.
  • ERROR_MESSAGE: The error message which matches the error number (in prepared statement form).
  • ERROR_COUNT: The number of times this error was returned to the user.
  • WARNING_COUNT: The number of times this warning was returned to the user.
  • FIRST_SEEN: The first time this error (or warning) was sent to the user.
  • LAST_SEEN: The most recent time this error (or warning) was sent to the user.

The following example shows a warning being generated when the client connects to a local TiDB server. The summary is reset after executing FLUSH CLIENT_ERRORS_SUMMARY:

SELECT 0/0;
SELECT * FROM CLIENT_ERRORS_SUMMARY_BY_USER;
FLUSH CLIENT_ERRORS_SUMMARY;
SELECT * FROM CLIENT_ERRORS_SUMMARY_BY_USER;
+-----+
| 0/0 |
+-----+
| NULL |
+-----+
1 row in set, 1 warning (0.00 sec)

+------+--------------+---------------+-------------+---------------+---------------------+---------------------+
| USER | ERROR_NUMBER | ERROR_MESSAGE | ERROR_COUNT | WARNING_COUNT | FIRST_SEEN          | LAST_SEEN           |
+------+--------------+---------------+-------------+---------------+---------------------+---------------------+
| root |         1365 | Division by 0 |           0 |             1 | 2021-03-18 13:05:36 | 2021-03-18 13:05:36 |
+------+--------------+---------------+-------------+---------------+---------------------+---------------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

Empty set (0.00 sec)