如何对 TiDB 进行 CH-benCHmark 测试

本文介绍如何对 TiDB 进行 CH-benCHmark 测试。

CH-benCHmark 是包含 TPC-CTPC-H 的混合负载,也是用于测试 HTAP 系统的最常见负载。更多信息,请参考 The mixed workload CH-benCHmark

在进行 CH-benCHmark 测试前,你需要先部署 TiDB 的 HTAP 组件 TiFlash。部署 TiFlash 并创建 TiFlash 副本后,对于 TPC-C 联机交易数据,系统将实时同步最新的数据到 TiFlash 组件;TiDB 优化器会自动将 TPC-H 负载的 OLAP 查询下推到 TiFlash MPP 引擎进行高效执行。

本文使用 go-tpc 作为 CH 测试实现,可以通过 TiUP 命令下载测试程序:

tiup install bench

关于 TiUP Bench 组件的详细用法可参考 TiUP Bench

导入数据

导入 TPC-C 数据

导入数据通常是整个 TPC-C 测试中最耗时、也是最容易出问题的阶段。

本文以 1000 WAREHOUSE 为例,在 shell 中运行以下 TiUP 命令进行数据导入和测试。注意你需要将本文中的 172.16.5.1404000 替换为你实际的 TiDB host 和 port 值。

tiup bench tpcc -H 172.16.5.140 -P 4000 -D tpcc --warehouses 1000 prepare -T 32

基于不同的机器配置,数据导入过程可能会持续几个小时。如果是小型集群,可以使用较小的 WAREHOUSE 值进行测试。

数据导入完成后,可以通过命令 tiup bench tpcc -H 172.16.5.140 -P 4000 -D tpcc --warehouses 1000 check 验证数据正确性。

导入 TPC-H 所需额外的表和视图

在 shell 中运行 TiUP 命令:

tiup bench ch -H 172.16.5.140 -P 4000 -D tpcc prepare

日志输出如下:

creating nation
creating region
creating supplier
generating nation table
generate nation table done
generating region table
generate region table done
generating suppliers table
generate suppliers table done
creating view revenue1

创建 TiFlash 副本

部署 TiFlash 后,TiFlash 并不会自动同步 TiKV 数据,你需要执行以下 SQL 语句创建整库的 TiFlash 副本。创建 TiFlash 副本后,系统自动实时同步最新数据到 TiFlash 组件。例如,当集群中部署了两个 TiFlash 节点时,如果将 replica 设置为 2,执行以下 SQL 语句将创建两个 TiFlash 副本。

ALTER DATABASE tpcc SET TIFLASH REPLICA 2;

可通过如下 SQL 语句确认所有表(通过 WHERE 语句可以指定需要确认的表,去掉 WHERE 语句则查看所有表)的 TiFlash 副本的状态是否完成同步:

SELECT * FROM information_schema.tiflash_replica WHERE TABLE_SCHEMA = 'tpcc';

查询结果中:

  • AVAILABLE 字段表示该表的 TiFlash 副本是否可用。1 代表可用,0 代表不可用。副本状态为可用之后就不再改变,如果通过 DDL 命令修改副本数则会重新计算同步进度。
  • PROGRESS 字段代表同步进度,在 0.0~1.0 之间,1.0 代表至少 1 个副本已经完成同步。

搜集统计信息

为了确保优化器能生成最优的执行计划,请执行以下 SQL 语句提前搜集统计信息:

analyze table customer;
analyze table district;
analyze table history;
analyze table item;
analyze table new_order;
analyze table order_line;
analyze table orders;
analyze table stock;
analyze table warehouse;
analyze table nation;
analyze table region;
analyze table supplier;

运行测试

以 50 TP 并发,1 AP 并发为例,运行以下测试命令:

go-tpc ch --host 172.16.5.140 -P4000 --warehouses 1000 run -D tpcc -T 50 -t 1 --time 1h

命令运行过程中,控制台上会持续打印测试结果。例如:

[Current] NEW_ORDER - Takes(s): 10.0, Count: 13524, TPM: 81162.0, Sum(ms): 998317.6, Avg(ms): 73.9, 50th(ms): 71.3, 90th(ms): 100.7, 95th(ms): 113.2, 99th(ms): 159.4, 99.9th(ms): 209.7, Max(ms): 243.3
[Current] ORDER_STATUS - Takes(s): 10.0, Count: 1132, TPM: 6792.7, Sum(ms): 16196.6, Avg(ms): 14.3, 50th(ms): 13.1, 90th(ms): 24.1, 95th(ms): 27.3, 99th(ms): 37.7, 99.9th(ms): 50.3, Max(ms): 52.4
[Current] PAYMENT - Takes(s): 10.0, Count: 12977, TPM: 77861.1, Sum(ms): 773982.0, Avg(ms): 59.7, 50th(ms): 56.6, 90th(ms): 88.1, 95th(ms): 100.7, 99th(ms): 151.0, 99.9th(ms): 201.3, Max(ms): 243.3
[Current] STOCK_LEVEL - Takes(s): 10.0, Count: 1134, TPM: 6806.0, Sum(ms): 31220.9, Avg(ms): 27.5, 50th(ms): 25.2, 90th(ms): 37.7, 95th(ms): 44.0, 99th(ms): 71.3, 99.9th(ms): 117.4, Max(ms): 125.8
[Current] Q11    - Count: 1, Sum(ms): 3682.9, Avg(ms): 3683.6
[Current] DELIVERY - Takes(s): 10.0, Count: 1167, TPM: 7002.6, Sum(ms): 170712.9, Avg(ms): 146.3, 50th(ms): 142.6, 90th(ms): 192.9, 95th(ms): 209.7, 99th(ms): 251.7, 99.9th(ms): 335.5, Max(ms): 385.9
[Current] NEW_ORDER - Takes(s): 10.0, Count: 13238, TPM: 79429.5, Sum(ms): 1010795.3, Avg(ms): 76.4, 50th(ms): 75.5, 90th(ms): 104.9, 95th(ms): 117.4, 99th(ms): 159.4, 99.9th(ms): 234.9, Max(ms): 352.3
[Current] ORDER_STATUS - Takes(s): 10.0, Count: 1224, TPM: 7350.6, Sum(ms): 17874.1, Avg(ms): 14.6, 50th(ms): 13.6, 90th(ms): 23.1, 95th(ms): 27.3, 99th(ms): 37.7, 99.9th(ms): 54.5, Max(ms): 60.8
[Current] PAYMENT - Takes(s): 10.0, Count: 12650, TPM: 75901.1, Sum(ms): 761981.3, Avg(ms): 60.3, 50th(ms): 56.6, 90th(ms): 88.1, 95th(ms): 104.9, 99th(ms): 159.4, 99.9th(ms): 218.1, Max(ms): 318.8
[Current] STOCK_LEVEL - Takes(s): 10.0, Count: 1179, TPM: 7084.9, Sum(ms): 32829.8, Avg(ms): 27.9, 50th(ms): 26.2, 90th(ms): 37.7, 95th(ms): 44.0, 99th(ms): 71.3, 99.9th(ms): 100.7, Max(ms): 117.4
[Current] Q12    - Count: 1, Sum(ms): 9945.8, Avg(ms): 9944.7
[Current] Q13    - Count: 1, Sum(ms): 1729.6, Avg(ms): 1729.6
...

命令运行结束后,控制台会打印测试统计结果。例如:

Finished: 50 OLTP workers, 1 OLAP workers
[Summary] DELIVERY - Takes(s): 3599.7, Count: 501795, TPM: 8363.9, Sum(ms): 63905178.8, Avg(ms): 127.4, 50th(ms): 125.8, 90th(ms): 167.8, 95th(ms): 184.5, 99th(ms): 226.5, 99.9th(ms): 318.8, Max(ms): 604.0
[Summary] DELIVERY_ERR - Takes(s): 3599.7, Count: 14, TPM: 0.2, Sum(ms): 1027.7, Avg(ms): 73.4, 50th(ms): 71.3, 90th(ms): 109.1, 95th(ms): 109.1, 99th(ms): 113.2, 99.9th(ms): 113.2, Max(ms): 113.2
[Summary] NEW_ORDER - Takes(s): 3599.7, Count: 5629221, TPM: 93826.9, Sum(ms): 363758020.7, Avg(ms): 64.6, 50th(ms): 62.9, 90th(ms): 88.1, 95th(ms): 100.7, 99th(ms): 130.0, 99.9th(ms): 184.5, Max(ms): 570.4
[Summary] NEW_ORDER_ERR - Takes(s): 3599.7, Count: 20, TPM: 0.3, Sum(ms): 404.2, Avg(ms): 20.2, 50th(ms): 18.9, 90th(ms): 37.7, 95th(ms): 50.3, 99th(ms): 56.6, 99.9th(ms): 56.6, Max(ms): 56.6
[Summary] ORDER_STATUS - Takes(s): 3599.8, Count: 500318, TPM: 8339.0, Sum(ms): 7135956.6, Avg(ms): 14.3, 50th(ms): 13.1, 90th(ms): 24.1, 95th(ms): 27.3, 99th(ms): 37.7, 99.9th(ms): 50.3, Max(ms): 385.9
[Summary] PAYMENT - Takes(s): 3599.8, Count: 5380815, TPM: 89684.8, Sum(ms): 269863092.5, Avg(ms): 50.2, 50th(ms): 48.2, 90th(ms): 75.5, 95th(ms): 88.1, 99th(ms): 125.8, 99.9th(ms): 184.5, Max(ms): 1073.7
[Summary] PAYMENT_ERR - Takes(s): 3599.8, Count: 11, TPM: 0.2, Sum(ms): 313.0, Avg(ms): 28.5, 50th(ms): 10.0, 90th(ms): 67.1, 95th(ms): 67.1, 99th(ms): 88.1, 99.9th(ms): 88.1, Max(ms): 88.1
[Summary] STOCK_LEVEL - Takes(s): 3599.8, Count: 500467, TPM: 8341.5, Sum(ms): 13208726.4, Avg(ms): 26.4, 50th(ms): 25.2, 90th(ms): 37.7, 95th(ms): 44.0, 99th(ms): 62.9, 99.9th(ms): 96.5, Max(ms): 570.4
[Summary] STOCK_LEVEL_ERR - Takes(s): 3599.8, Count: 2, TPM: 0.0, Sum(ms): 7.6, Avg(ms): 3.7, 50th(ms): 3.1, 90th(ms): 4.7, 95th(ms): 4.7, 99th(ms): 4.7, 99.9th(ms): 4.7, Max(ms): 4.7
tpmC: 93826.9, efficiency: 729.6%
[Summary] Q1     - Count: 11, Sum(ms): 42738.2, Avg(ms): 3885.3
[Summary] Q10    - Count: 11, Sum(ms): 440370.3, Avg(ms): 40034.3
[Summary] Q11    - Count: 11, Sum(ms): 44208.6, Avg(ms): 4018.7
[Summary] Q12    - Count: 11, Sum(ms): 105320.3, Avg(ms): 9574.6
[Summary] Q13    - Count: 11, Sum(ms): 19199.5, Avg(ms): 1745.4
[Summary] Q14    - Count: 11, Sum(ms): 84582.1, Avg(ms): 7689.5
[Summary] Q15    - Count: 11, Sum(ms): 271944.8, Avg(ms): 24722.8
[Summary] Q16    - Count: 11, Sum(ms): 183894.9, Avg(ms): 16718.1
[Summary] Q17    - Count: 11, Sum(ms): 89018.9, Avg(ms): 8092.7
[Summary] Q18    - Count: 10, Sum(ms): 767814.5, Avg(ms): 76777.6
[Summary] Q19    - Count: 10, Sum(ms): 17099.1, Avg(ms): 1709.8
[Summary] Q2     - Count: 11, Sum(ms): 53513.6, Avg(ms): 4865.2
[Summary] Q20    - Count: 10, Sum(ms): 73717.7, Avg(ms): 7372.1
[Summary] Q21    - Count: 10, Sum(ms): 166001.4, Avg(ms): 16601.1
[Summary] Q22    - Count: 10, Sum(ms): 48268.4, Avg(ms): 4827.7
[Summary] Q3     - Count: 11, Sum(ms): 31110.1, Avg(ms): 2828.5
[Summary] Q4     - Count: 11, Sum(ms): 83814.2, Avg(ms): 7619.3
[Summary] Q5     - Count: 11, Sum(ms): 368301.0, Avg(ms): 33483.5
[Summary] Q6     - Count: 11, Sum(ms): 61702.5, Avg(ms): 5608.9
[Summary] Q7     - Count: 11, Sum(ms): 158928.2, Avg(ms): 14446.3

测试完成之后,也可以运行 tiup bench tpcc -H 172.16.5.140 -P 4000 -D tpcc --warehouses 1000 check 验证数据正确性。

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