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Troubleshoot a TiFlash Cluster

This section describes some commonly encountered issues when using TiFlash, the reasons, and the solutions.

TiFlash fails to start

The issue might occur due to different reasons. It is recommended that you troubleshoot it following the steps below:

  1. Check whether your system is CentOS8.

    CentOS8 does not have the system library. You can manually install it via the following command:

    dnf install libnsl
  2. Check your system's ulimit parameter setting.

    ulimit -n 1000000
  3. Use the PD Control tool to check whether there is any TiFlash instance that failed to go offline on the node (same IP and Port) and force the instance(s) to go offline. For detailed steps, refer to Scale in a TiFlash cluster.

If the above methods cannot resolve your issue, save the TiFlash log files and email to for more information.

TiFlash replica is always unavailable

This is because TiFlash is in an abnormal state caused by configuration errors or environment issues. Take the following steps to identify the faulty component:

  1. Check whether PD enables the Placement Rules feature:

    echo 'config show replication' | /path/to/pd-ctl -u http://<pd-ip>:<pd-port>

    The expected result is "enable-placement-rules": "true". If not enabled, enable the Placement Rules feature.

  2. Check whether the TiFlash process is working correctly by viewing UpTime on the TiFlash-Summary monitoring panel.

  3. Check whether the TiFlash proxy status is normal through pd-ctl.

    echo "store" | /path/to/pd-ctl -u http://<pd-ip>:<pd-port>

    The TiFlash proxy's store.labels includes information such as {"key": "engine", "value": "tiflash"}. You can check this information to confirm a TiFlash proxy.

  4. Check whether pd buddy can correctly print the logs (the log path is the value of log in the [flash.flash_cluster] configuration item; the default log path is under the tmp directory configured in the TiFlash configuration file).

  5. Check whether the number of configured replicas is less than or equal to the number of TiKV nodes in the cluster. If not, PD cannot replicate data to TiFlash:

    echo 'config placement-rules show' | /path/to/pd-ctl -u http://<pd-ip>:<pd-port>

    Reconfirm the value of default: count.


    After the placement rules feature is enabled, the previously configured max-replicas and location-labels no longer take effect. To adjust the replica policy, use the interface related to placement rules.

  6. Check whether the remaining disk space of the machine (where store of the TiFlash node is) is sufficient. By default, when the remaining disk space is less than 20% of the store capacity (which is controlled by the low-space-ratio parameter), PD cannot schedule data to this TiFlash node.

TiFlash query time is unstable, and the error log prints many Lock Exception messages

This is because large amounts of data are written to the cluster, which causes that the TiFlash query encounters a lock and requires query retry.

You can set the query timestamp to one second earlier in TiDB. For example, if the current time is '2020-04-08 20:15:01', you can execute set @@tidb_snapshot='2020-04-08 20:15:00'; before you execute the query. This makes less TiFlash queries encounter a lock and mitigates the risk of unstable query time.

Some queries return the Region Unavailable error

If the load pressure on TiFlash is too heavy and it causes that TiFlash data replication falls behind, some queries might return the Region Unavailable error.

In this case, you can balance the load pressure by adding more TiFlash nodes.

Data file corruption

Take the following steps to handle the data file corruption:

  1. Refer to Take a TiFlash node down to take the corresponding TiFlash node down.
  2. Delete the related data of the TiFlash node.
  3. Redeploy the TiFlash node in the cluster.