SLOW_QUERY

SLOW_QUERY 表中提供了当前节点的慢查询相关的信息,其内容通过解析当前节点的 TiDB 慢查询日志而来,列名和慢日志中的字段名是一一对应。关于如何使用该表调查和改善慢查询,请参考慢查询日志文档

USE information_schema;
DESC slow_query;
+-------------------------------+---------------------+------+------+---------+-------+
| Field                         | Type                | Null | Key  | Default | Extra |
+-------------------------------+---------------------+------+------+---------+-------+
| Time                          | timestamp(6)        | NO   | PRI  | NULL    |       |
| Txn_start_ts                  | bigint(20) unsigned | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| User                          | varchar(64)         | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Host                          | varchar(64)         | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Conn_ID                       | bigint(20) unsigned | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Exec_retry_count              | bigint(20) unsigned | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Exec_retry_time               | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Query_time                    | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Parse_time                    | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Compile_time                  | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Rewrite_time                  | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Preproc_subqueries            | bigint(20) unsigned | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Preproc_subqueries_time       | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Optimize_time                 | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Wait_TS                       | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Prewrite_time                 | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Wait_prewrite_binlog_time     | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Commit_time                   | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Get_commit_ts_time            | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Commit_backoff_time           | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Backoff_types                 | varchar(64)         | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Resolve_lock_time             | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Local_latch_wait_time         | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Write_keys                    | bigint(22)          | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Write_size                    | bigint(22)          | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Prewrite_region               | bigint(22)          | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Txn_retry                     | bigint(22)          | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Cop_time                      | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Process_time                  | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Wait_time                     | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Backoff_time                  | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| LockKeys_time                 | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Request_count                 | bigint(20) unsigned | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Total_keys                    | bigint(20) unsigned | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Process_keys                  | bigint(20) unsigned | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Rocksdb_delete_skipped_count  | bigint(20) unsigned | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Rocksdb_key_skipped_count     | bigint(20) unsigned | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Rocksdb_block_cache_hit_count | bigint(20) unsigned | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Rocksdb_block_read_count      | bigint(20) unsigned | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Rocksdb_block_read_byte       | bigint(20) unsigned | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| DB                            | varchar(64)         | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Index_names                   | varchar(100)        | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Is_internal                   | tinyint(1)          | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Digest                        | varchar(64)         | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Stats                         | varchar(512)        | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Cop_proc_avg                  | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Cop_proc_p90                  | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Cop_proc_max                  | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Cop_proc_addr                 | varchar(64)         | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Cop_wait_avg                  | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Cop_wait_p90                  | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Cop_wait_max                  | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Cop_wait_addr                 | varchar(64)         | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Mem_max                       | bigint(20)          | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Disk_max                      | bigint(20)          | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| KV_total                      | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| PD_total                      | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Backoff_total                 | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Write_sql_response_total      | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Result_rows                   | bigint(22)          | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Backoff_Detail                | varchar(4096)       | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Prepared                      | tinyint(1)          | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Succ                          | tinyint(1)          | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| IsExplicitTxn                 | tinyint(1)          | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| IsWriteCacheTable             | tinyint(1)          | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Plan_from_cache               | tinyint(1)          | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Plan_from_binding             | tinyint(1)          | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Has_more_results              | tinyint(1)          | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Plan                          | longtext            | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Plan_digest                   | varchar(128)        | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Binary_plan                   | longtext            | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Prev_stmt                     | longtext            | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Query                         | longtext            | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
+-------------------------------+---------------------+------+------+---------+-------+
73 rows in set (0.000 sec)

CLUSTER_SLOW_QUERY table

CLUSTER_SLOW_QUERY 表中提供了集群所有节点的慢查询相关的信息,其内容通过解析 TiDB 慢查询日志而来,该表使用上和 SLOW_QUERY 表一样。CLUSTER_SLOW_QUERY 表结构上比 SLOW_QUERY 多一列 INSTANCE,表示该行慢查询信息来自的 TiDB 节点地址。关于如何使用该表调查和改善慢查询,请参考慢查询日志文档

desc cluster_slow_query;
+-------------------------------+---------------------+------+------+---------+-------+
| Field                         | Type                | Null | Key  | Default | Extra |
+-------------------------------+---------------------+------+------+---------+-------+
| INSTANCE                      | varchar(64)         | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Time                          | timestamp(6)        | NO   | PRI  | NULL    |       |
| Txn_start_ts                  | bigint(20) unsigned | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| User                          | varchar(64)         | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Host                          | varchar(64)         | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Conn_ID                       | bigint(20) unsigned | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Exec_retry_count              | bigint(20) unsigned | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Exec_retry_time               | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Query_time                    | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Parse_time                    | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Compile_time                  | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Rewrite_time                  | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Preproc_subqueries            | bigint(20) unsigned | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Preproc_subqueries_time       | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Optimize_time                 | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Wait_TS                       | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Prewrite_time                 | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Wait_prewrite_binlog_time     | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Commit_time                   | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Get_commit_ts_time            | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Commit_backoff_time           | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Backoff_types                 | varchar(64)         | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Resolve_lock_time             | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Local_latch_wait_time         | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Write_keys                    | bigint(22)          | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Write_size                    | bigint(22)          | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Prewrite_region               | bigint(22)          | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Txn_retry                     | bigint(22)          | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Cop_time                      | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Process_time                  | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Wait_time                     | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Backoff_time                  | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| LockKeys_time                 | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Request_count                 | bigint(20) unsigned | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Total_keys                    | bigint(20) unsigned | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Process_keys                  | bigint(20) unsigned | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Rocksdb_delete_skipped_count  | bigint(20) unsigned | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Rocksdb_key_skipped_count     | bigint(20) unsigned | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Rocksdb_block_cache_hit_count | bigint(20) unsigned | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Rocksdb_block_read_count      | bigint(20) unsigned | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Rocksdb_block_read_byte       | bigint(20) unsigned | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| DB                            | varchar(64)         | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Index_names                   | varchar(100)        | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Is_internal                   | tinyint(1)          | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Digest                        | varchar(64)         | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Stats                         | varchar(512)        | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Cop_proc_avg                  | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Cop_proc_p90                  | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Cop_proc_max                  | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Cop_proc_addr                 | varchar(64)         | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Cop_wait_avg                  | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Cop_wait_p90                  | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Cop_wait_max                  | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Cop_wait_addr                 | varchar(64)         | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Mem_max                       | bigint(20)          | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Disk_max                      | bigint(20)          | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| KV_total                      | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| PD_total                      | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Backoff_total                 | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Write_sql_response_total      | double              | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Result_rows                   | bigint(22)          | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Backoff_Detail                | varchar(4096)       | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Prepared                      | tinyint(1)          | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Succ                          | tinyint(1)          | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| IsExplicitTxn                 | tinyint(1)          | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| IsWriteCacheTable             | tinyint(1)          | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Plan_from_cache               | tinyint(1)          | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Plan_from_binding             | tinyint(1)          | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Has_more_results              | tinyint(1)          | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Plan                          | longtext            | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Plan_digest                   | varchar(128)        | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Binary_plan                   | longtext            | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Prev_stmt                     | longtext            | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
| Query                         | longtext            | YES  |      | NULL    |       |
+-------------------------------+---------------------+------+------+---------+-------+
74 rows in set (0.000 sec)

查询集群系统表时,TiDB 也会将相关计算下推给其他节点执行,而不是把所有节点的数据都取回来,可以查看执行计划,如下:

desc SELECT count(*) FROM cluster_slow_query WHERE user = 'u1';
+--------------------------+----------+-----------+--------------------------+------------------------------------------------------+
| id                       | estRows  | task      | access object            | operator info                                        |
+--------------------------+----------+-----------+--------------------------+------------------------------------------------------+
| StreamAgg_20             | 1.00     | root      |                          | funcs:count(Column#53)->Column#51                    |
| └─TableReader_21         | 1.00     | root      |                          | data:StreamAgg_9                                     |
|   └─StreamAgg_9          | 1.00     | cop[tidb] |                          | funcs:count(1)->Column#53                            |
|     └─Selection_19       | 10.00    | cop[tidb] |                          | eq(information_schema.cluster_slow_query.user, "u1") |
|       └─TableFullScan_18 | 10000.00 | cop[tidb] | table:CLUSTER_SLOW_QUERY | keep order:false, stats:pseudo                       |
+--------------------------+----------+-----------+--------------------------+------------------------------------------------------+

上面执行计划表示,会将 user = u1 条件下推给其他的 (cop) TiDB 节点执行,也会把聚合算子(即图中的 StreamAgg 算子)下推。

目前由于没有对系统表收集统计信息,所以有时会导致某些聚合算子不能下推,导致执行较慢,用户可以通过手动指定聚合下推的 SQL HINT 来将聚合算子下推,示例如下:

SELECT /*+ AGG_TO_COP() */ count(*) FROM cluster_slow_query GROUP BY user;
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