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UPDATE

The UPDATE statement is used to modify data in a specified table.

Synopsis

UpdateStmt
UPDATEUpdateOptionTableRefSETAssignment,WhereClauseOrderByLimitTableRefsSETAssignment,WhereClause
UpdateOption
OptimizerHintsLOW_PRIORITYHIGH_PRIORITYDELAYEDIGNORE
TableRef
TableFactorJoinTable
TableRefs
EscapedTableRef,

Examples

mysql> CREATE TABLE t1 (id INT NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY AUTO_INCREMENT, c1 INT NOT NULL); Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.11 sec) mysql> INSERT INTO t1 (c1) VALUES (1), (2), (3); Query OK, 3 rows affected (0.02 sec) Records: 3 Duplicates: 0 Warnings: 0 mysql> SELECT * FROM t1; +----+----+ | id | c1 | +----+----+ | 1 | 1 | | 2 | 2 | | 3 | 3 | +----+----+ 3 rows in set (0.00 sec) mysql> UPDATE t1 SET c1=5 WHERE c1=3; Query OK, 1 row affected (0.01 sec) Rows matched: 1 Changed: 1 Warnings: 0 mysql> SELECT * FROM t1; +----+----+ | id | c1 | +----+----+ | 1 | 1 | | 2 | 2 | | 3 | 5 | +----+----+ 3 rows in set (0.00 sec)

MySQL compatibility

TiDB always uses the original value of a column when evaluating expressions. For example:

CREATE TABLE t (a int, b int); INSERT INTO t VALUES (1,2); UPDATE t SET a = a+1,b=a;

In MySQL, the column b is updated to 2 because it is set to the value of a, and the value of a (which is 1) is updated to a+1 (which is 2) in the same statement.

TiDB follows the more standard SQL behavior, and updates b to 1.

See also

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