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Troubleshoot Clusters Using PingCAP Clinic

For TiDB clusters and DM clusters deployed using TiUP, you can use PingCAP Clinic Diagnostic Service (PingCAP Clinic) to troubleshoot cluster problems remotely and perform a quick check on cluster status locally using Diag client (Diag) and Clinic Server.

User scenarios

  • Troubleshoot cluster problems remotely

    • When your cluster has some problems, if you need to contact PingCAP technical support, you can perform the following operations to facilitate the remote troubleshooting: collect diagnostic data with Diag, upload the collected data to the Clinic Server, and provide the data access link to the technical support staff.
    • When your cluster has some problems, if you cannot analyze the problems immediately, you can use Diag to collect and save the data for later analysis.
  • Perform a quick check on the cluster status locally

    Even if your cluster is running stably for now, it is necessary to periodically check the cluster to detect potential stability risks. You can identify potential health risks of a cluster using the local quick check feature provided by PingCAP Clinic. The local check only checks configuration. To check more items, such as metrics and logs, it is recommended to upload the diagnostic data to the Clinic Server and use the Health Report feature.

Prerequisites

Before using PingCAP Clinic, you need to install Diag (a component to collect data provided by PingCAP Clinic) and prepare the environment to upload data.

  1. Install Diag.

    • If you have installed TiUP on your control machine, run the following command to install Diag:

      tiup install diag
      
    • If you have installed Diag, you can use the following command to upgrade Diag to the latest version:

      ```bash
      tiup update diag
      ```
      
  2. Get and set an access token (token) to upload data.

    When uploading collected data through Diag, you need a token for user authentication. If you already set a token Diag, you can reuse the token and skip this step.

    To get a token, perform the following steps:

    • Log in to the Clinic Server.

      • Clinic Server for international users
      • Clinic Server for users in the Chinese mainland

      Clinic Server for international users: Data is stored in AWS in US.

      Clinic Server for users in the Chinese mainland: Data is stored in AWS in China (Beijing) regions.

    • Click the icon in the lower-right corner of the Cluster page, select Get Access Token For Diag Tool, and click + in the pop-up window. Make sure that you have copied and saved the token that is displayed.

      Get the Token

    • Then, set the token in Diag. For example:

      tiup diag config clinic.token ${token-value}
      
  3. Set the region in Diag.

    region determines the encryption certificate used for packing data and the target service when uploading the data. For example:

    • Clinic Server for international users
    • Clinic Server for users in the Chinese mainland

    When using Clinic Server for international users, set region to US using the following command:

    tiup diag config clinic.region US
    

    When using Clinic Server for users in the Chinese mainland, set region to CN using the following command:

    tiup diag config clinic.region CN
    
  4. (Optional) Enable log redaction.

    When TiDB provides detailed log information, it might print sensitive information (for example, user data) in the log. If you want to avoid leaking sensitive information in the local log and Clinic Server, you can enable log redaction in the TiDB side. For more information, see log redaction.

Troubleshoot cluster problems remotely

You can use Diag to quickly collect diagnostic data from TiDB clusters and DM clusters, including monitoring data and configuration information.

Step 1. Check the data to be collected

For a full list of data that can be collected by Diag, see PingCAP Clinic Diagnostic Data.

To improve the efficiency of the later diagnosis, you are recommended to collect full diagnostic data including monitoring data and configuration information. For details, see Collect data from clusters.

Step 2. Collect data

With Diag, you can collect data from the TiDB clusters and the DM clusters deployed using TiUP.

  1. Run the data collection command of Diag.

    For example, to collect the diagnostic data from 4 hours ago to 2 hours ago based on the current time, run the following command:

    • TiDB Cluster
    • DM Cluster
    tiup diag collect ${cluster-name} -f="-4h" -t="-2h"
    
    tiup diag collectdm ${dm-cluster-name} -f="-4h" -t="-2h"
    

    Descriptions of the parameters for data collection:

    • -f/--from: specifies the start time of the data collection. If you do not specify this parameter, the default start time is 2 hours before the current time. To modify the time zone, use the -f="12:30 +0800" syntax. If you do not specify the time zone information in this parameter, such as +0800, the time zone is UTC by default.
    • -t/--to: specifies the end time of the data collection. If you do not specify this parameter, the default end time is the current moment. To modify the time zone, use the -f="12:30 +0800" syntax. If you do not specify the time zone information in this parameter, such as +0800, the time zone is UTC by default.

    Parameter usage tips:

    In addition to specifying the data collection time, you can use Diag to specify more parameters. To get all parameters, run the tiup diag collect -h or tiup diag collectdm -h command.

    • -l: the bandwidth limit for transferring files, the unit is Kbit/s, and the default value is 100000 (the -l parameter of scp).
    • -N/--node: only collects data from a specified node. The format is ip:port.
    • --include: only collects specific types of data. The optional values are system, monitor, log, config, and db_vars. To include two or more types, you can use , as a separator between the types.
    • --exclude: does not collect specific types of data. The optional values are system, monitor, log, config, and db_vars. To exclude two or more types, you can use , as a separator between the types.

    After you run the command, Diag does not start collecting data immediately. Instead, Diag provides the estimated data size and the target data storage path in the output for you to confirm whether to continue. For example:

    Estimated size of data to collect:
    Host               Size       Target
    ----               ----       ------
    172.16.7.129:9090  43.57 MB   1775 metrics, compressed
    172.16.7.87        0 B        /tidb-deploy/tidb-4000/log/tidb_stderr.log
    ... ...
    172.16.7.179       325 B      /tidb-deploy/tikv-20160/conf/tikv.toml
    Total              2.01 GB    (inaccurate)
    These data will be stored in /home/user/diag-fNTnz5MGhr6
    Do you want to continue? [y/N]: (default=N)
    
  2. Enter Y to confirm that you want to start collecting data.

    Collecting data takes a certain amount of time. The time varies according to the volume of data to be collected. For example, in a test environment, collecting 1 GB of data takes about 10 minutes.

    After the collection is complete, Diag provides the folder path where the collected data is located. For example:

    Collected data are stored in /home/user/diag-fNTnz5MGhr6
    

Step 3. View data locally (optional)

The collected data is stored in separate subdirectories based on its data source. These subdirectories are named after machine names and port numbers. The storage locations of the configuration, logs, and other files of each node are the same as their relative storage paths in the real server of your TiDB cluster:

  • Basic information of the system and hardware: in insight.json
  • Contents in the system /etc/security/limits.conf: in limits.conf
  • List of kernel parameters: in sysctl.conf
  • Kernel logs: in dmesg.log
  • Network connection during data collection: in ss.txt
  • Configuration data: in the config.json directory of each node
  • Meta-information for the cluster itself: in meta.yaml (this file is located at the top level of the directory that stores collected data)
  • Monitoring data: in the /monitor file directory. The monitoring data is compressed by default and cannot be viewed directly. To directly view the JSON files with monitoring data, disable compression with the --compress-metrics=false parameter when collecting data.

Step 4. Upload data

To provide cluster diagnostic data to PingCAP technical support staff, you need to upload the data to the Clinic Server first, and then send the obtained data access link to the staff. The Clinic Server is a cloud service that stores and shares diagnostic data securely.

Depending on the network connection of the cluster, you can choose one of the following methods to upload data:

Method 1. Upload directly

If the network where the cluster is located can access the internet, you can directly upload the folder with collected data obtained in Step 2: Collect data using the following command:

tiup diag upload

After the upload is completed, the Download URL is displayed in the output. You can open the link of Download URL to see the uploaded data or send the link to the PingCAP technical support staff you contacted before.

Method 2. Pack and upload data

If the network where your cluster is located cannot access the internet, you need to pack the data on your intranet and upload the data package to the Clinic Server using a device with internet access. The detailed operations are as follows:

  1. Pack the collected data obtained in Step 2. Collect data by running the following command:

    tiup diag package ${filepath}
    

    During packaging, Diag encrypts and compresses the data at the same time. In the test environment, 800 MB of data was compressed to 57 MB. The following is an example output:

    Starting component `diag`: /root/.tiup/components/diag/v0.7.0/diag package diag-fNTnz5MGhr6
    packaged data set saved to /home/user/diag-fNTnz5MGhr6.diag
    

    After the packaging is complete, the data is packaged to the .diag format. The .diag file can only be decrypted and viewed after being uploaded to the Clinic Server. If you want to directly forward the collected data instead of uploading it to the Clinic Server, you can compress the data by your own method and forward it.

  2. From a machine with internet access, upload the compressed data package:

    tiup diag upload ${filepath}
    

    The following is an example output:

    [root@Copy-of-VM-EE-CentOS76-v1 user]# tiup diag upload /home/user/diag-fNTnz5MGhr6
    Starting component `diag`: /root/.tiup/components/diag/v0.7.0/diag upload /home/user/diag-fNTnz5MGhr6
    >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><>>>>>>>>>
    Completed!
    Download URL: "https://clinic.pingcap.com.cn/portal/#/orgs/4/clusters/XXXX"
    
  3. After the upload is complete, you can open the link of Download URL to see the uploaded data or send the link to the PingCAP technical support staff you contacted before.

Perform a quick check on the cluster status locally

You can have a quick check on the cluster status locally using Diag. Even if your cluster is running stably for now, it is necessary to periodically check the cluster to detect potential stability risks. You can identify potential health risks of a cluster using the local quick check feature provided by PingCAP Clinic. The local check only checks configuration. To check more items, such as metrics and logs, it is recommended to upload the diagnostic data to the Clinic Server and use the Health Report feature.

  1. Collect configuration data:

    tiup diag collect ${cluster-name} --include="config"
    

    The data of configuration files are relatively small. After the collection, the collected data is stored in the current path by default. In the test environment, for a cluster with 18 nodes, the data size of configuration files is less than 10 KB.

  2. Diagnose configuration data:

    tiup diag check ${subdir-in-output-data}
    

    ${subdir-in-output-data} in the above command is the path that stores the collected data, and this path has the meta.yaml file.

  3. View the diagnostic result:

    The diagnostic result is returned on the command line. For example:

    Starting component `diag`: /root/.tiup/components/diag/v0.7.0/diag check diag-fNTnz5MGhr6
    
    # Diagnostic result
    lili 2022-01-24T09:33:57+08:00
    
    ## 1. Cluster basic information
    - Cluster ID: 7047403704292855808
    - Cluster Name: lili
    - Cluster Version: v5.3.0
    
    ## 2. Sampling information
    - Sample ID: fNTnz5MGhr6
    - Sampling Date: 2022-01-24T09:33:57+08:00
    - Sample Content:: [system monitor log config]
    
    ## 3. Diagnostic result, including potential configuration problems
    In this inspection, 22 rules were executed.
    
    The results of **1** rules were abnormal and needed to be further discussed with support team.
    
    The following is the details of the abnormalities.
    
    ### Diagnostic result summary
    The configuration rules are all derived from PingCAP’s OnCall Service.
    
    If the results of the configuration rules are found to be abnormal, they may cause the cluster to fail.
    
    There were **1** abnormal results.
    
    #### Path to save the diagnostic result file
    
    Rule Name: tidb-max-days
    - RuleID: 100
    - Variation: TidbConfig.log.file.max-days
    - For more information, please visit: https://s.tidb.io/msmo6awg
    - Check Result:
      TidbConfig_172.16.7.87:4000   TidbConfig.log.file.max-days:0   warning
      TidbConfig_172.16.7.86:4000   TidbConfig.log.file.max-days:0   warning
      TidbConfig_172.16.7.179:4000   TidbConfig.log.file.max-days:0   warning
    
    Result report and record are saved at diag-fNTnz5MGhr6/report-220125153215
    

    In the last section of the diagnostic result (under #### Path to save the diagnostic result file in the above example output), for each configuration potential risk found, Diag provides a corresponding knowledge base link with detailed configuration suggestions. In the example above, the relevant link is https://s.tidb.io/msmo6awg.

FAQ

  1. If the data upload fails, can I re-upload it?

    Yes. Data upload supports breakpoint upload. If the upload fails, you can upload it again directly.

  2. After uploading data, I cannot open the returned data access link. What should I do?

    Log in to Clinic Server first. If you still cannot open the link after login success, check whether you have access to data. If not, contact the data owner for permission. After getting the permission, log in to Clinic Server and open the link again.

  3. How long will the uploaded data be kept on the Clinic Server?

    The longest time is 180 days. You can delete the data you uploaded on the Clinic Server page at any time.

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