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You are viewing the documentation of TiDB v6.0 (DMR). PingCAP does not provide bug fixes for v6.0. Any bugs will be fixed in future releases.

For general purposes, please use the latest LTS version of the TiDB database.

Troubleshoot Inconsistency Between Data and Indexes

TiDB checks consistency between data and indexes when it executes transactions or the ADMIN CHECK [TABLE|INDEX] statement. If the check finds that a record key-value and the corresponding index key-value are inconsistent, that is, a key-value pair storing row data and the corresponding key-value pair storing its index are inconsistent (for example, more indexes or missing indexes), TiDB reports a data inconsistency error and prints the related errors in error logs.

This document describes the meanings of data inconsistency errors and provides some methods to bypass the consistency check. When a data consistency error occurs, contact PingCAP technical support for troubleshooting.

Error explanation

When inconsistency between data and indexes occurs, you can check TiDB error messages to know which item is inconsistent between row data and index data, or check the related error logs for further investigation.

Errors reported during transaction execution

This section lists the data inconsistency errors reported when TiDB executes transactions and explains the meanings of these errors with examples.

Error 8133

ERROR 8133 (HY000): data inconsistency in table: t, index: k2, index-count:1 != record-count:0

This error indicates that for the k2 index in table t, the number of indexes in the table is 1 and the number of row records is 0. The number is inconsistent.

Error 8138

ERROR 8138 (HY000): writing inconsistent data in table: t, expected-values:{KindString green} != record-values:{KindString GREEN}

This error indicates that the transaction was attempting to write an incorrect row value. For the data to be written, due to issues in the encoding and decoding process, the encoded row data does not match the original data before encoding.

Error 8139

ERROR 8139 (HY000): writing inconsistent data in table: t, index: i1, index-handle:4 != record-handle:3, index: tables.mutation{key:kv.Key{0x74, 0x80, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x49, 0x5f, 0x69, 0x80, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x1, 0x1, 0x68, 0x65, 0x6c, 0x6c, 0x6f, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0xfc, 0x1, 0x68, 0x65, 0x6c, 0x6c, 0x6f, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0xfc, 0x3, 0x80, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x4}, flags:0x0, value:[]uint8{0x30}, indexID:1}, record: tables.mutation{key:kv.Key{0x74, 0x80, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x49, 0x5f, 0x72, 0x80, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x3}, flags:0xd, value:[]uint8{0x80, 0x0, 0x2, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x1, 0x2, 0x5, 0x0, 0xa, 0x0, 0x68, 0x65, 0x6c, 0x6c, 0x6f, 0x68, 0x65, 0x6c, 0x6c, 0x6f}, indexID:0}

This error indicates that the handle (that is, the key of the row data) of the data to be written is inconsistent. For index i1 in table t, the row to be written by the transaction has a handle of 4 in the index key-value pair and a handle of 3 in the row record key-value pair. The data of this row will not be written.

Error 8140

ERROR 8140 (HY000): writing inconsistent data in table: t, index: i2, col: c1, indexed-value:{KindString hellp} != record-value:{KindString hello}

This error indicates that the data in a row to be written by the transaction does not match the data in the index. For index i2 in table t, a row to be written by the transaction has data hellp in the index key-value pair and data hello in the record key-value pair. The data of this row will not be written.

Error 8141

ERROR 8141 (HY000): assertion failed: key: 7480000000000000405f72013300000000000000f8, assertion: NotExist, start_ts: 430590532931813377, existing start ts: 430590532931551233, existing commit ts: 430590532931551234

This error indicates that the assertion failed when a transaction was being committed. Assuming that data and indexes are consistent, TiDB asserted that the key 7480000000000000405f720133000000000000000000f8 did not exist. When the transaction was being committed, TiDB found the key did exist, written by the transaction with the start ts 430590532931551233. TiDB will print the Multi-Version Concurrency Control (MVCC) history of this key to logs.

Errors reported in admin check

This section lists the data inconsistency errors that might occur in TiDB when you execute the ADMIN CHECK [TABLE|INDEX] statement, and explains the meanings of these errors with examples.

Error 8003

ERROR 8003 (HY000): table count 3 != index(idx) count 2

This error indicates that the table on which the ADMIN CHECK statement is executed has 3 row key-value pairs but only 2 index key-value pairs.

Error 8134

ERROR 8134 (HY000): data inconsistency in table: t, index: c2, col: c2, handle: "2", index-values:"KindInt64 13" != record-values:"KindInt64 12", compare err:<nil>

This error indicates that for index c2 in table t, the handle of a row is 13 in the index key-value pair but is 12 in the row record key-value pair, which is inconsistent.

Error 8223

ERROR 8223 (HY000): data inconsistency in table: t2, index: i1, handle: {hello, hello}, index-values:"" != record-values:"handle: {hello, hello}, values: [KindString hello KindString hello]"

This error indicates that index-values are null and record-values are not null, meaning that there is no corresponding index for the row.

Reasons and solutions

When a data consistency error occurs, the reasons can be as follows:

  • The data and indexes in the existing data are consistent and the current version of TiDB has a bug. If an ongoing transaction is about to write inconsistent data, TiDB aborts the transaction.
  • The data and indexes in the existing data are inconsistent. The inconsistent data could be from a dangerous operation performed by mistake in the past or caused by a TiDB bug.
  • The data and indexes are consistent but the detection algorithm has a bug that causes errors by mistake.

If you receive a data inconsistency error, contact PingCAP technical support for troubleshooting immediately instead of dealing with the error by yourself. If PingCAP technical support confirms that the error is reported by mistake, or your application needs to skip such errors urgently, you can use the following methods to bypass the check.

Disable error check

For the following errors reported in transaction execution, you can bypass the corresponding check:

  • To bypass the check of errors 8138, 8139, and 8140, configure set @@tidb_enable_mutation_checker=0.
  • To bypass the check of error 8141, configure set @@tidb_txn_assertion_level=OFF.

For other errors reported in transaction execution and all errors reported during the execution of the ADMIN CHECK [TABLE|INDEX] statement, you cannot bypass the corresponding check, because the data inconsistency has already occurred.

Rewrite SQL

Disabling tidb_enable_mutation_checker and tidb_txn_assertion_level mentioned in the previous section bypasses the corresponding check of all SQL statements. If an inconsistency error is misreported for a particular SQL statement, you can try bypassing the error by rewriting the SQL statement to another equivalent form using different execution operators.

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