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Numeric Types

TiDB supports all the MySQL numeric types, including:

Integer types

TiDB supports all the MySQL integer types, including INTEGER/INT, TINYINT, SMALLINT, MEDIUMINT, and BIGINT. For more information, see Numeric Data Type Syntax in MySQL.

The following table summarizes field descriptions:

Syntax ElementDescription
Mthe display width of the type. Optional.
UNSIGNEDUNSIGNED. If omitted, it is SIGNED.
ZEROFILLIf you specify ZEROFILL for a numeric column, TiDB automatically adds the UNSIGNED attribute to the column.

The following table summarizes the required storage and range for integer types supported by TiDB:

Data TypeStorage Required (bytes)Minimum Value (signed/unsigned)Maximum value (signed/unsigned)
TINYINT1-128 / 0127 / 255
SMALLINT2-32768 / 032767 / 65535
MEDIUMINT3-8388608 / 08388607 / 16777215
INT4-2147483648 / 02147483647 / 4294967295
BIGINT8-9223372036854775808 / 09223372036854775807 / 18446744073709551615

BIT type

The BIT data type. A type of BIT(M) enables the storage of M-bit values. M can range from 1 to 64, with the default value of 1:

BIT[(M)]

BOOLEAN type

The BOOLEAN type and its alias BOOL are equivalent to TINYINT(1). If the value is 0, it is considered as False; otherwise, it is considered True. As in MySQL, True is 1 and False is 0:

BOOLEAN

TINYINT type

The TINYINT data type stores signed values of range [-128, 127] and unsigned values of range [0, 255]:

TINYINT[(M)] [UNSIGNED] [ZEROFILL]

SMALLINT type

The SMALLINT data type stores signed values of range [-32768, 32767], and unsigned values of range [0, 65535]:

SMALLINT[(M)] [UNSIGNED] [ZEROFILL]

MEDIUMINT type

The MEDIUMINT data type stores signed values of range [-8388608, 8388607], and unsigned values of range [0, 16777215]:

MEDIUMINT[(M)] [UNSIGNED] [ZEROFILL]

INTEGER type

The INTEGER type and its alias INT stores signed values of range [-2147483648, 2147483647], and unsigned values of range [0, 4294967295]:

INT[(M)] [UNSIGNED] [ZEROFILL]

You can also use another form:

INTEGER[(M)] [UNSIGNED] [ZEROFILL]

BIGINT type

The BIGINT data type stores signed values of range [-9223372036854775808, 9223372036854775807], and unsigned values of range [0, 18446744073709551615]:

BIGINT[(M)] [UNSIGNED] [ZEROFILL]

Floating-point types

TiDB supports all the MySQL floating-point types, including FLOAT, and DOUBLE. For more information, see Floating-Point Types (Approximate Value) - FLOAT, DOUBLE in MySQL.

The following table summarizes field descriptions:

Syntax ElementDescription
Mthe total number of digits
Dthe number of digits following the decimal point
UNSIGNEDUNSIGNED. If omitted, it is SIGNED.
ZEROFILLIf you specify ZEROFILL for a numeric column, TiDB automatically adds the UNSIGNED attribute to the column.

The following table summarizes the required storage for floating-point types supported by TiDB:

Data TypeStorage Required (bytes)
FLOAT4
FLOAT(p)If 0 <= p <= 24, it is 4; if 25 <= p <= 53, it is 8
DOUBLE8

FLOAT type

The FLOAT type stores a single-precision floating-point number. Permissible values are -3.402823466E+38 to -1.175494351E-38, 0, and 1.175494351E-38 to 3.402823466E+38. These are the theoretical limits, based on the IEEE standard. The actual range might be slightly smaller depending on your hardware or operating system.

FLOAT(p) can be used to represent the required precision in bits. TiDB uses this value only to determine whether to use FLOAT or DOUBLE for the resulting data type. If p is from 0 to 24, the data type becomes FLOAT with no M or D values. If p is from 25 to 53, the data type becomes DOUBLE with no M or D values. The range of the resulting column is the same as for the single-precision FLOAT or double-precision DOUBLE data type.

FLOAT[(M,D)] [UNSIGNED] [ZEROFILL]
FLOAT(p) [UNSIGNED] [ZEROFILL]

Warning:

As in MySQL, the FLOAT data type stores approximate values. For values such as currency, it is recommended to use the DECIMAL type instead.

DOUBLE type

The DOUBLE type, and its alias DOUBLE PRECISION stores a double-precision floating-point number. Permissible values are -1.7976931348623157E+308 to -2.2250738585072014E-308, 0, and 2.2250738585072014E-308 to 1.7976931348623157E+308. These are the theoretical limits, based on the IEEE standard. The actual range might be slightly smaller depending on your hardware or operating system.

DOUBLE[(M,D)] [UNSIGNED] [ZEROFILL]
DOUBLE PRECISION [(M,D)] [UNSIGNED] [ZEROFILL], REAL[(M,D)] [UNSIGNED] [ZEROFILL]

Warning:

As in MySQL, the DOUBLE data type stores approximate values. For values such as currency, it is recommended to use the DECIMAL type instead.

Fixed-point types

TiDB supports all the MySQL floating-point types, including DECIMAL, and NUMERIC. For more information, Fixed-Point Types (Exact Value) - DECIMAL, NUMERIC in MySQL.

The meaning of the fields:

Syntax ElementDescription
Mthe total number of digits
Dthe number of digits after the decimal point
UNSIGNEDUNSIGNED. If omitted, it is SIGNED.
ZEROFILLIf you specify ZEROFILL for a numeric column, TiDB automatically adds the UNSIGNED attribute to the column.

DECIMAL type

DECIMAL and its alias NUMERIC stores a packed "exact" fixed-point number. M is the total number of digits (the precision), and D is the number of digits after the decimal point (the scale). The decimal point and (for negative numbers) the - sign are not counted in M. If D is 0, values have no decimal point or fractional part. The maximum number of digits (M) for DECIMAL is 65. The maximum number of supported decimals (D) is 30. If D is omitted, the default is 0. If M is omitted, the default is 10.

DECIMAL[(M[,D])] [UNSIGNED] [ZEROFILL]
NUMERIC[(M[,D])] [UNSIGNED] [ZEROFILL]