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Deploy TiDB Using TiDB Ansible

This guide describes how to deploy a TiDB cluster using TiDB Ansible. For the production environment, it is recommended to deploy TiDB using TiDB Ansible.

Overview

Ansible is an IT automation tool that can configure systems, deploy software, and orchestrate more advanced IT tasks such as continuous deployments or zero downtime rolling updates.

TiDB Ansible is a TiDB cluster deployment tool developed by PingCAP, based on Ansible playbook. TiDB Ansible enables you to quickly deploy a new TiDB cluster which includes PD, TiDB, TiKV, and the cluster monitoring modules.

You can use the TiDB Ansible configuration file to set up the cluster topology and complete all the following operation tasks:

Prepare

Before you start, make sure you have:

  1. Several target machines that meet the following requirements:

    • 4 or more machines

      A standard TiDB cluster contains 6 machines. You can use 4 machines for testing. For more details, see Software and Hardware Recommendations.

    • CentOS 7.3 (64 bit) or later, x86_64 architecture (AMD64)

    • Network between machines

    Note:

    When you deploy TiDB using TiDB Ansible, use SSD disks for the data directory of TiKV and PD nodes. Otherwise, it cannot pass the check. If you only want to try TiDB out and explore the features, it is recommended to deploy TiDB using Docker Compose on a single machine.

  2. A Control Machine that meets the following requirements:

    Note:

    The Control Machine can be one of the target machines.

    • CentOS 7.3 (64 bit) or later with Python 2.7 installed
    • Access to the Internet

Step 1: Install system dependencies on the Control Machine

Log in to the Control Machine using the root user account, and run the corresponding command according to your operating system.

  • If you use a Control Machine installed with CentOS 7, run the following command:

    yum -y install epel-release git curl sshpass &&
    yum -y install python2-pip
  • If you use a Control Machine installed with Ubuntu, run the following command:

    apt-get -y install git curl sshpass python-pip

Step 2: Create the tidb user on the Control Machine and generate the SSH key

Make sure you have logged in to the Control Machine using the root user account, and then run the following command.

  1. Create the tidb user.

    useradd -m -d /home/tidb tidb
  2. Set a password for the tidb user account.

    passwd tidb
  3. Configure sudo without password for the tidb user account by adding tidb ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD: ALL to the end of the sudo file:

    visudo
    tidb ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD: ALL
  4. Generate the SSH key.

    Execute the su command to switch the user from root to tidb.

    su - tidb

    Create the SSH key for the tidb user account and hit the Enter key when Enter passphrase is prompted. After successful execution, the SSH private key file is /home/tidb/.ssh/id_rsa, and the SSH public key file is /home/tidb/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.

    ssh-keygen -t rsa
    Generating public/private rsa key pair.
    Enter file in which to save the key (/home/tidb/.ssh/id_rsa):
    Created directory '/home/tidb/.ssh'.
    Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase):
    Enter same passphrase again:
    Your identification has been saved in /home/tidb/.ssh/id_rsa.
    Your public key has been saved in /home/tidb/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.
    The key fingerprint is:
    SHA256:eIBykszR1KyECA/h0d7PRKz4fhAeli7IrVphhte7/So tidb@172.16.10.49
    The key's randomart image is:
    +---[RSA 2048]----+
    |=+o+.o.          |
    |o=o+o.oo         |
    | .O.=.=          |
    | . B.B +         |
    |o B * B S        |
    | * + * +         |
    |  o + .          |
    | o  E+ .         |
    |o   ..+o.        |
    +----[SHA256]-----+

Step 3: Download TiDB Ansible to the Control Machine

Log in to the Control Machine using the tidb user account and enter the /home/tidb directory. Run the following command to download the corresponding TAG version of TiDB Ansible 3.0 from the TiDB Ansible project. The default folder name is tidb-ansible.

git clone -b $tag https://github.com/pingcap/tidb-ansible.git

Note:

  • Replace $tag with the value of the chosen TAG version. For example, v3.0.2.
  • To deploy and upgrade TiDB clusters, use the corresponding version of tidb-ansible. If you only modify the version in the inventory.ini file, errors might occur.
  • It is required to download tidb-ansible to the /home/tidb directory using the tidb user account. If you download it to the /root directory, a privilege issue occurs.

If you have questions regarding which version to use, email to info@pingcap.com for more information or file an issue.

Step 4: Install TiDB Ansible and its dependencies on the Control Machine

Make sure you have logged in to the Control Machine using the tidb user account.

It is required to use pip to install Ansible and its dependencies, otherwise a compatibility issue occurs. Currently, the release-2.0, release-2.1, and master branches of TiDB Ansible are compatible with Ansible 2.4 ~ 2.7.11 (2.4 ≤ Ansible ≤ 2.7.11).

  1. Install TiDB Ansible and the dependencies on the Control Machine:

    cd /home/tidb/tidb-ansible &&
    sudo pip install -r ./requirements.txt

    The version information of Ansible and dependencies is in the tidb-ansible/requirements.txt file.

  2. View the version of TiDB Ansible:

    ansible --version
    ansible 2.7.11

Step 5: Configure the SSH mutual trust and sudo rules on the Control Machine

Make sure you have logged in to the Control Machine using the tidb user account.

  1. Add the IPs of your target machines to the [servers] section of the hosts.ini file.

    cd /home/tidb/tidb-ansible &&
    vi hosts.ini
    [servers]
    172.16.10.1
    172.16.10.2
    172.16.10.3
    172.16.10.4
    172.16.10.5
    172.16.10.6
    
    [all:vars]
    username = tidb
    ntp_server = pool.ntp.org
  2. Run the following command and input the root user account password of your target machines.

    ansible-playbook -i hosts.ini create_users.yml -u root -k

    This step creates the tidb user account on the target machines, configures the sudo rules and the SSH mutual trust between the Control Machine and the target machines.

To configure the SSH mutual trust and sudo without password manually, see How to manually configure the SSH mutual trust and sudo without password.

Step 6: Install the NTP service on the target machines

Note:

If the time and time zone of all your target machines are same, the NTP service is on and is normally synchronizing time, you can ignore this step. See How to check whether the NTP service is normal.

Make sure you have logged in to the Control Machine using the tidb user account, run the following command:

cd /home/tidb/tidb-ansible &&
ansible-playbook -i hosts.ini deploy_ntp.yml -u tidb -b

The NTP service is installed and started using the software repository that comes with the system on the target machines. The default NTP server list in the installation package is used. The related server parameter is in the /etc/ntp.conf configuration file.

To make the NTP service start synchronizing as soon as possible, the system executes the ntpdate command to set the local date and time by polling ntp_server in the hosts.ini file. The default server is pool.ntp.org, and you can also replace it with your NTP server.

Step 7: Configure the CPUfreq governor mode on the target machine

For details about CPUfreq, see the CPUfreq Governor documentation.

Set the CPUfreq governor mode to performance to make full use of CPU performance.

Check the governor modes supported by the system

You can run the cpupower frequency-info --governors command to check the governor modes which the system supports:

cpupower frequency-info --governors
analyzing CPU 0:
  available cpufreq governors: performance powersave

Taking the above code for example, the system supports the performance and powersave modes.

Note:

As the following shows, if it returns Not Available, it means that the current system does not support CPUfreq configuration and you can skip this step.

cpupower frequency-info --governors
analyzing CPU 0:
   available cpufreq governors: Not Available

Check the current governor mode

You can run the cpupower frequency-info --policy command to check the current CPUfreq governor mode:

cpupower frequency-info --policy
analyzing CPU 0:
  current policy: frequency should be within 1.20 GHz and 3.20 GHz.
                  The governor "powersave" may decide which speed to use
                  within this range.

As the above code shows, the current mode is powersave in this example.

Change the governor mode

You can use either of the following two methods to change the governor mode. In the above example, the current governor mode is powersave and the following commands change it to performance.

  • Use the cpupower frequency-set --governor command to change the current mode:

    cpupower frequency-set --governor performance
  • Run the following command to set the mode on the target machine in batches:

    ansible -i hosts.ini all -m shell -a "cpupower frequency-set --governor performance" -u tidb -b

Step 8: Mount the data disk ext4 filesystem with options on the target machines

Log in to the target machines using the root user account.

Format your data disks to the ext4 filesystem and add the nodelalloc and noatime mount options to the filesystem. It is required to add the nodelalloc option, or else the Ansible deployment cannot pass the test. The noatime option is optional.

Note:

If your data disks have been formatted to ext4 and have added the mount options, you can uninstall it by running the umount /dev/nvme0n1p1 command, follow the steps starting from editing the /etc/fstab file, and add the options again to the filesystem.

Take the /dev/nvme0n1 data disk as an example:

  1. View the data disk.

    fdisk -l
    Disk /dev/nvme0n1: 1000 GB
  2. Create the partitioned table.

    parted -s -a optimal /dev/nvme0n1 mklabel gpt -- mkpart primary ext4 1 -1

    Note:

    Use the lsblk command to view the device number of the partition: for a nvme disk, the generated device number is usually nvme0n1p1; for a regular disk (for example, /dev/sdb), the generated device number is usually sdb1.

  3. Format the data disk to the ext4 filesystem.

    mkfs.ext4 /dev/nvme0n1p1
  4. View the partition UUID of the data disk.

    In this example, the UUID of nvme0n1p1 is c51eb23b-195c-4061-92a9-3fad812cc12f.

    lsblk -f
    NAME    FSTYPE LABEL UUID                                 MOUNTPOINT
    sda
    ├─sda1  ext4         237b634b-a565-477b-8371-6dff0c41f5ab /boot
    ├─sda2  swap         f414c5c0-f823-4bb1-8fdf-e531173a72ed
    └─sda3  ext4         547909c1-398d-4696-94c6-03e43e317b60 /
    sr0
    nvme0n1
    └─nvme0n1p1 ext4         c51eb23b-195c-4061-92a9-3fad812cc12f
  5. Edit the /etc/fstab file and add the mount options.

    vi /etc/fstab
    UUID=c51eb23b-195c-4061-92a9-3fad812cc12f /data1 ext4 defaults,nodelalloc,noatime 0 2
  6. Mount the data disk.

    mkdir /data1 &&
    mount -a
  7. Check using the following command.

    mount -t ext4
    /dev/nvme0n1p1 on /data1 type ext4 (rw,noatime,nodelalloc,data=ordered)

    If the filesystem is ext4 and nodelalloc is included in the mount options, you have successfully mount the data disk ext4 filesystem with options on the target machines.

Step 9: Edit the inventory.ini file to orchestrate the TiDB cluster

Log in to the Control Machine using the tidb user account, and edit the tidb-ansible/inventory.ini file to orchestrate the TiDB cluster. The standard TiDB cluster contains 6 machines: 2 TiDB instances, 3 PD instances, and 3 TiKV instances.

  • Deploy at least 3 instances for TiKV.
  • Do not deploy TiKV together with TiDB or PD on the same machine.
  • Use the first TiDB machine as the monitoring machine.

Note:

It is required to use the internal IP address to deploy. If the SSH port of the target machines is not the default 22 port, you need to add the ansible_port variable. For example, TiDB1 ansible_host=172.16.10.1 ansible_port=5555.

You can choose one of the following two types of cluster topology according to your scenario:

Option 1: Use the cluster topology of a single TiKV instance on each TiKV node

NameHost IPServices
node1172.16.10.1PD1, TiDB1
node2172.16.10.2PD2, TiDB2
node3172.16.10.3PD3
node4172.16.10.4TiKV1
node5172.16.10.5TiKV2
node6172.16.10.6TiKV3
[tidb_servers]
172.16.10.1
172.16.10.2

[pd_servers]
172.16.10.1
172.16.10.2
172.16.10.3

[tikv_servers]
172.16.10.4
172.16.10.5
172.16.10.6

[monitoring_servers]
172.16.10.1

[grafana_servers]
172.16.10.1

[monitored_servers]
172.16.10.1
172.16.10.2
172.16.10.3
172.16.10.4
172.16.10.5
172.16.10.6

Option 2: Use the cluster topology of multiple TiKV instances on each TiKV node

Take two TiKV instances on each TiKV node as an example:

NameHost IPServices
node1172.16.10.1PD1, TiDB1
node2172.16.10.2PD2, TiDB2
node3172.16.10.3PD3
node4172.16.10.4TiKV1-1, TiKV1-2
node5172.16.10.5TiKV2-1, TiKV2-2
node6172.16.10.6TiKV3-1, TiKV3-2
[tidb_servers]
172.16.10.1
172.16.10.2

[pd_servers]
172.16.10.1
172.16.10.2
172.16.10.3

# Note: To use labels in TiKV, you must also configure location_labels for PD at the same time.
[tikv_servers]
TiKV1-1 ansible_host=172.16.10.4 deploy_dir=/data1/deploy tikv_port=20171 labels="host=tikv1"
TiKV1-2 ansible_host=172.16.10.4 deploy_dir=/data2/deploy tikv_port=20172 labels="host=tikv1"
TiKV2-1 ansible_host=172.16.10.5 deploy_dir=/data1/deploy tikv_port=20171 labels="host=tikv2"
TiKV2-2 ansible_host=172.16.10.5 deploy_dir=/data2/deploy tikv_port=20172 labels="host=tikv2"
TiKV3-1 ansible_host=172.16.10.6 deploy_dir=/data1/deploy tikv_port=20171 labels="host=tikv3"
TiKV3-2 ansible_host=172.16.10.6 deploy_dir=/data2/deploy tikv_port=20172 labels="host=tikv3"

# When you deploy a TiDB cluster of the 3.0 version, you must configure the TiKV status ports in the topology of multiple TiKV instances, as shown in the following example.
# TiKV1-1 ansible_host=172.16.10.4 deploy_dir=/data1/deploy tikv_port=20171 tikv_status_port=20181 labels="host=tikv1"
# TiKV1-2 ansible_host=172.16.10.4 deploy_dir=/data2/deploy tikv_port=20172 tikv_status_port=20182 labels="host=tikv1"
# TiKV2-1 ansible_host=172.16.10.5 deploy_dir=/data1/deploy tikv_port=20171 tikv_status_port=20181 labels="host=tikv2"
# TiKV2-2 ansible_host=172.16.10.5 deploy_dir=/data2/deploy tikv_port=20172 tikv_status_port=20182 labels="host=tikv2"
# TiKV3-1 ansible_host=172.16.10.6 deploy_dir=/data1/deploy tikv_port=20171 tikv_status_port=20181 labels="host=tikv3"
# TiKV3-2 ansible_host=172.16.10.6 deploy_dir=/data2/deploy tikv_port=20172 tikv_status_port=20182 labels="host=tikv3"

[monitoring_servers]
172.16.10.1

[grafana_servers]
172.16.10.1

[monitored_servers]
172.16.10.1
172.16.10.2
172.16.10.3
172.16.10.4
172.16.10.5
172.16.10.6

......

# Note: For labels in TiKV to work, you must also configure location_labels for PD when deploying the cluster.
[pd_servers:vars]
location_labels = ["host"]

Edit the parameters in the service configuration file:

  1. For the cluster topology of multiple TiKV instances on each TiKV node, you need to edit the capacity parameter under block-cache-size in tidb-ansible/conf/tikv.yml:

    storage:
      block-cache:
        capacity: "1GB"

    Note:

    • The number of TiKV instances is the number of TiKV processes on each server.
    • Recommended configuration: capacity = MEM_TOTAL * 0.5 / the number of TiKV instances
  2. For the cluster topology of multiple TiKV instances on each TiKV node, you need to edit the high-concurrency, normal-concurrency and low-concurrency parameters in the tidb-ansible/conf/tikv.yml file:

    readpool:
    coprocessor:
        # Notice: if CPU_NUM > 8, default thread pool size for coprocessors
        # will be set to CPU_NUM * 0.8.
        # high-concurrency: 8
        # normal-concurrency: 8
        # low-concurrency: 8

    Note:

    Recommended configuration: the number of TiKV instances * the parameter value = the number of CPU cores * 0.8.

  3. If multiple TiKV instances are deployed on a same physical disk, edit the capacity parameter in conf/tikv.yml:

    raftstore:
      capacity: 0

    Note:

    Recommended configuration: capacity = total disk capacity / the number of TiKV instances. For example, capacity: "100GB".

Step 10: Edit variables in the inventory.ini file

This step describes how to edit the variable of deployment directory and other variables in the inventory.ini file.

Configure the deployment directory

Edit the deploy_dir variable to configure the deployment directory.

The global variable is set to /home/tidb/deploy by default, and it applies to all services. If the data disk is mounted on the /data1 directory, you can set it to /data1/deploy. For example:

## Global variables
[all:vars]
deploy_dir = /data1/deploy

Note:

To separately set the deployment directory for a service, you can configure the host variable while configuring the service host list in the inventory.ini file. It is required to add the first column alias, to avoid confusion in scenarios of mixed services deployment.

TiKV1-1 ansible_host=172.16.10.4 deploy_dir=/data1/deploy

Edit other variables (Optional)

To enable the following control variables, use the capitalized True. To disable the following control variables, use the capitalized False.

Variable NameDescription
cluster_namethe name of a cluster, adjustable
tidb_versionthe version of TiDB, configured by default in TiDB Ansible branches
process_supervisionthe supervision way of processes, systemd by default, supervise optional
timezonethe global default time zone configured when a new TiDB cluster bootstrap is initialized; you can edit it later using the global time_zone system variable and the session time_zone system variable as described in Time Zone Support; the default value is Asia/Shanghai and see the list of time zones for more optional values
enable_firewalldto enable the firewall, closed by default; to enable it, add the ports in network requirements to the allowlist
enable_ntpdto monitor the NTP service of the managed node, True by default; do not close it
set_hostnameto edit the hostname of the managed node based on the IP, False by default
enable_binlogwhether to deploy Pump and enable the binlog, False by default, dependent on the Kafka cluster; see the zookeeper_addrs variable
zookeeper_addrsthe zookeeper address of the binlog Kafka cluster
deploy_without_tidbthe Key-Value mode, deploy only PD, TiKV and the monitoring service, not TiDB; set the IP of the tidb_servers host group to null in the inventory.ini file
alertmanager_targetoptional: If you have deployed alertmanager separately, you can configure this variable using the alertmanager_host:alertmanager_port format
grafana_admin_userthe username of Grafana administrator; default admin
grafana_admin_passwordthe password of Grafana administrator account; default admin; used to import Dashboard and create the API key using TiDB Ansible; update this variable if you have modified it through Grafana web
collect_log_recent_hoursto collect the log of recent hours; default the recent 2 hours
enable_bandwidth_limitto set a bandwidth limit when pulling the diagnostic data from the target machines to the Control Machine; used together with the collect_bandwidth_limit variable
collect_bandwidth_limitthe limited bandwidth when pulling the diagnostic data from the target machines to the Control Machine; unit: Kbit/s; default 10000, indicating 10Mb/s; for the cluster topology of multiple TiKV instances on each TiKV node, you need to divide the number of the TiKV instances on each TiKV node
prometheus_storage_retentionthe retention time of the monitoring data of Prometheus (30 days by default); this is a new configuration in the group_vars/monitoring_servers.yml file in 2.1.7, 3.0 and the later tidb-ansible versions

Step 11: Deploy the TiDB cluster

When ansible-playbook runs Playbook, the default concurrent number is 5. If many deployment target machines are deployed, you can add the -f parameter to specify the concurrency, such as ansible-playbook deploy.yml -f 10.

The following example uses tidb as the user who runs the service.

  1. Edit the tidb-ansible/inventory.ini file to make sure ansible_user = tidb.

    ## Connection
    # ssh via normal user
    ansible_user = tidb

    Note:

    Do not configure ansible_user to root, because tidb-ansible limits the user that runs the service to the normal user.

    Run the following command and if all servers return tidb, then the SSH mutual trust is successfully configured:

    ansible -i inventory.ini all -m shell -a 'whoami'

    Run the following command and if all servers return root, then sudo without password of the tidb user is successfully configured:

    ansible -i inventory.ini all -m shell -a 'whoami' -b
  2. Run the local_prepare.yml playbook and download TiDB binary to the Control Machine.

    ansible-playbook local_prepare.yml
  3. Initialize the system environment and modify the kernel parameters.

    ansible-playbook bootstrap.yml
  4. Deploy the TiDB cluster software.

    ansible-playbook deploy.yml

    Note:

    You can use the Report button on the Grafana Dashboard to generate the PDF file. This function depends on the fontconfig package and English fonts. To use this function, log in to the grafana_servers machine and install it using the following command:

    sudo yum install fontconfig open-sans-fonts
  5. Start the TiDB cluster.

    ansible-playbook start.yml

Test the TiDB cluster

Because TiDB is compatible with MySQL, you must use the MySQL client to connect to TiDB directly. It is recommended to configure load balancing to provide uniform SQL interface.

  1. Connect to the TiDB cluster using the MySQL client.

    mysql -u root -h 172.16.10.1 -P 4000

    Note:

    The default port of TiDB service is 4000.

  2. Access the monitoring platform using a web browser.

Deployment FAQs

This section lists the common questions about deploying TiDB using TiDB Ansible.

How to customize the port?

Edit the inventory.ini file and add the following host variable after the IP of the corresponding service:

ComponentVariable PortDefault PortDescription
TiDBtidb_port4000the communication port for the application and DBA tools
TiDBtidb_status_port10080the communication port to report TiDB status
TiKVtikv_port20160the TiKV communication port
TiKVtikv_status_port20180the communication port to report the TiKV status
PDpd_client_port2379the communication port between TiDB and PD
PDpd_peer_port2380the inter-node communication port within the PD cluster
Pumppump_port8250the pump communication port
Prometheusprometheus_port9090the communication port for the Prometheus service
Pushgatewaypushgateway_port9091the aggregation and report port for TiDB, TiKV, and PD monitor
Node_exporternode_exporter_port9100the communication port to report the system information of every TiDB cluster node
Grafanagrafana_port3000the port for the external Web monitoring service and client (Browser) access
Kafka_exporterkafka_exporter_port9308the communication port for Kafka_exporter, used to monitor the binlog Kafka cluster

How to customize the deployment directory?

Edit the inventory.ini file and add the following host variable after the IP of the corresponding service:

ComponentVariable DirectoryDefault DirectoryDescription
Globaldeploy_dir/home/tidb/deploythe deployment directory
TiDBtidb_log_dir{{ deploy_dir }}/logthe TiDB log directory
TiKVtikv_log_dir{{ deploy_dir }}/logthe TiKV log directory
TiKVtikv_data_dir{{ deploy_dir }}/datathe data directory
TiKVwal_dir""the rocksdb write-ahead log directory, consistent with the TiKV data directory when the value is null
TiKVraftdb_path""the raftdb directory, being tikv_data_dir/raft when the value is null
PDpd_log_dir{{ deploy_dir }}/logthe PD log directory
PDpd_data_dir{{ deploy_dir }}/data.pdthe PD data directory
Pumppump_log_dir{{ deploy_dir }}/logthe Pump log directory
Pumppump_data_dir{{ deploy_dir }}/data.pumpthe Pump data directory
Prometheusprometheus_log_dir{{ deploy_dir }}/logthe Prometheus log directory
Prometheusprometheus_data_dir{{ deploy_dir }}/data.metricsthe Prometheus data directory
Pushgatewaypushgateway_log_dir{{ deploy_dir }}/logthe pushgateway log directory
Node_exporternode_exporter_log_dir{{ deploy_dir }}/logthe node_exporter log directory
Grafanagrafana_log_dir{{ deploy_dir }}/logthe Grafana log directory
Grafanagrafana_data_dir{{ deploy_dir }}/data.grafanathe Grafana data directory

How to check whether the NTP service is normal?

  1. Run the following command. If it returns running, then the NTP service is running:

    sudo systemctl status ntpd.service
    ntpd.service - Network Time Service
    Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/ntpd.service; disabled; vendor preset: disabled)
    Active: active (running) since 一 2017-12-18 13:13:19 CST; 3s ago
  2. Run the ntpstat command. If it returns synchronised to NTP server (synchronizing with the NTP server), then the synchronization process is normal.

    ntpstat
    synchronised to NTP server (85.199.214.101) at stratum 2
    time correct to within 91 ms
    polling server every 1024 s

Note:

For the Ubuntu system, you need to install the ntpstat package.

  • The following condition indicates the NTP service is not synchronizing normally:

    ntpstat
    unsynchronised
  • The following condition indicates the NTP service is not running normally:

    ntpstat
    Unable to talk to NTP daemon. Is it running?
  • To make the NTP service start synchronizing as soon as possible, run the following command. You can replace pool.ntp.org with other NTP servers.

    sudo systemctl stop ntpd.service &&
    sudo ntpdate pool.ntp.org &&
    sudo systemctl start ntpd.service
  • To install the NTP service manually on the CentOS 7 system, run the following command:

    sudo yum install ntp ntpdate &&
    sudo systemctl start ntpd.service &&
    sudo systemctl enable ntpd.service

How to modify the supervision method of a process from supervise to systemd?

Run the following command:

process supervision, [systemd, supervise]
process_supervision = systemd

For versions earlier than TiDB 1.0.4, the process supervision method of TiDB Ansible is supervise by default. The previously installed cluster can remain the same. If you need to change the supervision method to systemd, stop the cluster and run the following command:

ansible-playbook stop.yml
ansible-playbook deploy.yml -D &&
ansible-playbook start.yml

How to manually configure the SSH mutual trust and sudo without password?

  1. Log in to the deployment target machine respectively using the root user account, create the tidb user and set the login password.

    useradd tidb &&
    passwd tidb
  2. To configure sudo without password, run the following command, and add tidb ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD: ALL to the end of the file:

    visudo
    tidb ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD: ALL
  3. Use the tidb user to log in to the Control Machine, and run the following command. Replace 172.16.10.61 with the IP of your deployment target machine, and enter the tidb user password of the deployment target machine as prompted. Successful execution indicates that SSH mutual trust is already created. This applies to other machines as well.

    ssh-copy-id -i ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub 172.16.10.61
  4. Log in to the Control Machine using the tidb user account, and log in to the IP of the target machine using SSH. If you do not need to enter the password and can successfully log in, then the SSH mutual trust is successfully configured.

    ssh 172.16.10.61
    [tidb@172.16.10.61 ~]$
  5. After you login to the deployment target machine using the tidb user, run the following command. If you do not need to enter the password and can switch to the root user, then sudo without password of the tidb user is successfully configured.

    sudo -su root
    [root@172.16.10.61 tidb]#

Error: You need to install jmespath prior to running json_query filter

  1. See Install TiDB Ansible and its dependencies on the Control Machine and use pip to install TiDB Ansible and the corresponding dependencies in the Control Machine. The jmespath dependent package is installed by default.

  2. Run the following command to check whether jmespath is successfully installed:

    pip show jmespath
    Name: jmespath
    Version: 0.9.0
  3. Enter import jmespath in the Python interactive window of the Control Machine.

    • If no error displays, the dependency is successfully installed.
    • If the ImportError: No module named jmespath error displays, the Python jmespath module is not successfully installed.
    python
    Python 2.7.5 (default, Nov  6 2016, 00:28:07)
    [GCC 4.8.5 20150623 (Red Hat 4.8.5-11)] on linux2
    Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.
    import jmespath

The zk: node does not exist error when starting Pump/Drainer

Check whether the zookeeper_addrs configuration in inventory.ini is the same with the configuration in the Kafka cluster, and whether the namespace is filled in. The description about namespace configuration is as follows:

# ZooKeeper connection string (see ZooKeeper docs for details).
# ZooKeeper address of the Kafka cluster. Example:
# zookeeper_addrs = "192.168.0.11:2181,192.168.0.12:2181,192.168.0.13:2181"
# You can also append an optional chroot string to the URLs to specify the root directory for all Kafka znodes. Example:
# zookeeper_addrs = "192.168.0.11:2181,192.168.0.12:2181,192.168.0.13:2181/kafka/123"
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