Important

You are viewing the documentation of an older version of the TiDB database (TiDB v2.1).

It is recommended that you use the latest LTS version of the TiDB database.

DROP INDEX

This statement removes an index from a specified table, marking space as free in TiKV.

Synopsis

AlterTableStmt:

AlterTableStmt

AlterTableSpec:

AlterTableSpec

KeyOrIndex:

KeyOrIndex

Identifier:

Identifier

Examples

mysql> CREATE TABLE t1 (id INT NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY AUTO_INCREMENT, c1 INT NOT NULL);
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.10 sec)

mysql> INSERT INTO t1 (c1) VALUES (1),(2),(3),(4),(5);
Query OK, 5 rows affected (0.02 sec)
Records: 5  Duplicates: 0  Warnings: 0

mysql> EXPLAIN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE c1 = 3;
+---------------------+----------+------+-------------------------------------------------------------+
| id                  | count    | task | operator info                                               |
+---------------------+----------+------+-------------------------------------------------------------+
| TableReader_7       | 10.00    | root | data:Selection_6                                            |
| └─Selection_6       | 10.00    | cop  | eq(test.t1.c1, 3)                                           |
|   └─TableScan_5     | 10000.00 | cop  | table:t1, range:[-inf,+inf], keep order:false, stats:pseudo |
+---------------------+----------+------+-------------------------------------------------------------+
3 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> CREATE INDEX c1 ON t1 (c1);
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.30 sec)

mysql> EXPLAIN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE c1 = 3;
+-------------------+-------+------+-----------------------------------------------------------------+
| id                | count | task | operator info                                                   |
+-------------------+-------+------+-----------------------------------------------------------------+
| IndexReader_6     | 10.00 | root | index:IndexScan_5                                               |
| └─IndexScan_5     | 10.00 | cop  | table:t1, index:c1, range:[3,3], keep order:false, stats:pseudo |
+-------------------+-------+------+-----------------------------------------------------------------+
2 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> ALTER TABLE t1 DROP INDEX c1;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.30 sec)

MySQL compatibility

  • Dropping the PRIMARY KEY is not supported.

See also

Was this page helpful?