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FLASHBACK CLUSTER TO TIMESTAMP

TiDB v6.4.0 introduces the FLASHBACK CLUSTER TO TIMESTAMP syntax. You can use it to restore a cluster to a specific point in time.

Syntax

FLASHBACK CLUSTER TO TIMESTAMP '2022-09-21 16:02:50';

Synopsis

FlashbackToTimestampStmt
FLASHBACKCLUSTERTOTIMESTAMPstringLit

Notes

  • The time specified in the FLASHBACK statement must be within the Garbage Collection (GC) lifetime. The system variable tidb_gc_life_time (default: 10m0s) defines the retention time of earlier versions of rows. The current safePoint of where garbage collection has been performed up to can be obtained with the following query:

    SELECT * FROM mysql.tidb WHERE variable_name = 'tikv_gc_safe_point';
    
  • Only a user with the SUPER privilege can execute the FLASHBACK CLUSTER SQL statement.

  • From the time specified in the FLASHBACK statement to the time when the FLASHBACK is executed, there cannot be a DDL statement that changes the related table structure. If such a DDL exists, TiDB will reject it.

  • Before executing FLASHBACK CLUSTER TO TIMESTAMP, TiDB disconnects all related connections and prohibits read and write operations on these tables until the FLASHBACK statement is completed.

  • The FLASHBACK CLUSTER TO TIMESTAMP statement cannot be canceled after being executed. TiDB will keep retrying until it succeeds.

Example

The following example shows how to restore the newly inserted data:

mysql> CREATE TABLE t(a INT);
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.09 sec)

mysql> SELECT * FROM t;
Empty set (0.01 sec)

mysql> SELECT now();
+---------------------+
| now()               |
+---------------------+
| 2022-09-28 17:24:16 |
+---------------------+
1 row in set (0.02 sec)

mysql> INSERT INTO t VALUES (1);
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.02 sec)

mysql> SELECT * FROM t;
+------+
| a    |
+------+
|    1 |
+------+
1 row in set (0.01 sec)

mysql> FLASHBACK CLUSTER TO TIMESTAMP '2022-09-28 17:24:16';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.20 sec)

mysql> SELECT * FROM t;
Empty set (0.00 sec)

If there is a DDL statement that changes the table structure from the time specified in the FLASHBACK statement to the time when the FLASHBACK is executed, the FLASHBACK statement fails:

mysql> SELECT now();
+---------------------+
| now()               |
+---------------------+
| 2022-10-09 16:40:51 |
+---------------------+
1 row in set (0.01 sec)

mysql> CREATE TABLE t(a int);
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.12 sec)

mysql> FLASHBACK CLUSTER TO TIMESTAMP '2022-10-09 16:40:51';
ERROR 1105 (HY000): Detected schema change due to another DDL job during [2022-10-09 16:40:51 +0800 CST, now), can't do flashback

Through the log, you can obtain the execution progress of FLASHBACK. The following is an example:

[2022/10/09 17:25:59.316 +08:00] [INFO] [cluster.go:463] ["flashback cluster stats"] ["complete regions"=9] ["total regions"=10] []

MySQL compatibility

This statement is a TiDB extension to MySQL syntax.

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